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Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) are a small-scale technology that was largely adopted by the IC industry and applied to miniaturize of all systems (electrical systems, mechanical, optical, fluidic, magnetic, etc.). Minimization has been accomplished with small manufacturing processes. A Capacitive pressure sensor is simply a diaphragm-type device in which the diaphragm displacement is determined by measuring the capacitance change between the diaphragm and a metal plate that is close to it.
For this purpose, intraocular pressure sensors are important in detection and treatment of an incurable disease called glaucoma. To improve the sensitivity of the capacitive pressure sensor, low stress doped polysilicon material is used as a biocompatible material. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that occurs by high intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP is the pressure exerted by the ocular fluid called aqueous humor (the clear fluid inside the eye) that fills the anterior chamber of the eye
The results Shows the simulated relation between capacitance and pressure for clamped ++silicon and polysilicon clamped. It can be seen from figure that the initial capacitance for clamped p++ silicon is about 1.81 pF the capacitance varies from 1.81 to 2.162 pF for clamped p++silicon and clamped polysilicon diaphragm, respectively, so the total variation of the capacitance. This result shows the use of poly silicon material in diaphragm is high sensitivity than the p++ silicon.