Increasing Power by Sharing Information from Genetic Background and Treatment in Clustering of Gene Expression Time Series

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Sura Zaki Alrashid Muhammad Arifur Rahman Nabeel H Al-Aaraji Neil D Lawrence Paul R Heath

Abstract

Clustering of gene expression time series gives insight into which genes may be co-regulated, allowing us to discern the activity of pathways in a given microarray experiment. Of particular interest is how a given group of genes varies with different conditions or genetic background. This paper develops
a new clustering method that allows each cluster to be parameterised according to whether the behaviour of the genes across conditions is correlated or anti-correlated. By specifying correlation between such genes,more information is gain within the cluster about how the genes interrelate. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder that kills the motor neurons and results in death within 2 to 3 years from the symptom onset. Speed of progression for different patients are heterogeneous with significant variability. The SOD1G93A transgenic mice from different backgrounds (129Sv and C57) showed consistent phenotypic differences for disease progression. A hierarchy of Gaussian isused processes to model condition-specific and gene-specific temporal co-variances. This study demonstrated about finding some significant gene expression profiles and clusters of associated or co-regulated gene expressions together from four groups of data (SOD1G93A and Ntg from 129Sv and C57 backgrounds). Our study shows the effectiveness of sharing information between replicates and different model conditions when modelling gene expression time series. Further gene enrichment score analysis and ontology pathway analysis of some specified clusters for a particular group may lead toward identifying features underlying the differential speed of disease progression.

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How to Cite
Alrashid, S., Rahman, M., Al-Aaraji, N., Lawrence, N., & Heath, P. (2018). Increasing Power by Sharing Information from Genetic Background and Treatment in Clustering of Gene Expression Time Series. Journal of University of Babylon, 26(4), 253 - 267. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29196/jub.v26i4.711
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