Effect of Common Outdoor Spaces on Social Interaction: The Case of College of Engineering Campus at Salahaddin University – Erbil, Iraq

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Faris Ali Mustafa
Maysa Ghazi Danoon

Abstract

University is not only the place of learning and teaching sciences but also it is a place where the students start their social interactions that lead to encourage the students for superiority in their academic courses. It is noted that the outdoor spaces inside college of engineering at Salahaddin University-Erbil did not receive sufficient attention in terms of locating and distribution which may adversely affect the lack of communication and social interaction among students. This research is carried out to study the effect of common outdoor spaces on social interaction between students: the case of the college of engineering campus at Salahaddin University-Erbil, Iraq. A quantitative survey was conducted as a research methodology to achieve its aim and objectives. 80 questionnaires were randomly distributed to 80 students (40 male and 40 female), data have been collected and principal components analysis with Varimax rotation by SPSS has been used. The results indicate that there is a significant difference among the factors and components, the highest value of satisfaction is found at the quality of open spaces/amount of flora and green area/walkthrough which has achieved 69%, as for all participants the satisfaction ratio is 61.63%; six variables under the first factor, the quality of open spaces have been strongly loaded. The study ends with a set of conclusions and recommendations concerning the design of common open spaces within educational campuses to achieve efficient social interaction between users/students.

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How to Cite
[1]
F. . Ali Mustafa and M. . Ghazi Danoon, “Effect of Common Outdoor Spaces on Social Interaction: The Case of College of Engineering Campus at Salahaddin University – Erbil, Iraq”, JUBES, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 229 - 238, Aug. 2020.
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