Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities 2019-06-23T10:51:25+00:00 Info. Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>ournal of <strong>U</strong>niversity of <strong>B</strong>abylon for Humanities, (<span style="color: #ff6600;"><strong>JUBH</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBH</strong> is a Humanities peer-reviewed open access journal monthly publishing high-quality research and review papers at the lead of recent research describing significant developments in Human Sciences.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;<a title="ISSN:&nbsp;2617-0906" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2617-0906</a></strong></span></p> The Characteristics of Magical Realism in the Work of the Iraq Artst Suad Alttar and the Egyp Tian Artist Zainab AL-Sijini 2019-04-21T17:40:34+00:00 Maha Saleem <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research consists of four chapters. The first chapter includes the research problem, which is summarized by the following question: What are the characteristics of magical realism in the works of the Iraqi artist Suad Al Attar and the Egyptian artist Zainab Al-Sejini, as well as the importance of research and its need? The drawings of the artist Suad Al Attar and the artist Zeinab Al-Sajini, and the definition of terminology.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter included two topics: First: the concept of magical realism in plastic art. The second topic: the characteristics of privacy in the experience of artist Suad Al Attar and artist Zeinab Al-Sajini, as well as the indicators that ended the theoretical framework. The third chapter deals with the research procedures represented by the research, the research sample, the research methodology, and the analysis of six samples of the works of the artists Suad Al-Attar and Zainab Al-Sejini. The fourth chapter included the results of the research, the most important of which:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">- Women live in the works of Suad al-Attar in remote forests uninhabited by people and dark spaces and perform strange acts of puzzling while Zeinab women sit in open places and bright spaces and perform acts approaching the fun and play and fun childish</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The conclusions are:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">- The image of women in the work of Suad Al-Attar on the concerns of uncertainty and fear of the unknown in the Iraqi self due to factors of the environment and life and constant anxiety, while the image of women at Zeinab al-Sajini stability and childish fun and reassurance due to the factors of the natural environment and social stability in Egypt.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As well as recommendations, proposals, form appendix, research summary in English and research sources.</p> 2019-04-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Effect of Teaching According to The Model Thleelin in Expressive Performance 2019-04-23T05:42:36+00:00 Ehab Ibraheem Zaidan <p>Language is one of the most important pillars of human life and existence. It is the instrument of understanding and expression of the feelings and emotions that surround it. God has given it to man to be the primary means of building his life and society. This is the natural tool for the members of society to reveal what they think. And communication, this indicates its important social role.</p> <p>The Arabic language is the language of the Holy Quran, the national language of the people of the Arab nation, to which all Arabs are proud and proud, and which depend on them in the collection of information and therefore must take the first place in education.</p> <p>In spite of the many factors that intertwine and lead to this apparent weakness in the expression, but one of the important reasons in the view of the researcher due to the lack of care of teachers in the detection of the effectiveness of the use of teaching models proved to be sufficient in teaching, all prompted the researcher to conduct his current study The use of the Thilin model in the teaching of expression and the detection of its impact in expression performance, which contributes to the treatment or mitigate the problem, to serve our Arabic language.</p> <p>In order to achieve the goal of the research, the researcher randomly selected Al-Fayhaa prep school for boys. In the random sampling method, he chose (B) to represent the experimental group that taught the expression in the Thilin model, and (A) represents the control group that studies the expression in the traditional way. (33) students in each group.</p> <p>The researcher conducted an equivalence between the students of the two groups in the following variables: (the age of time calculated in months, their performance in expression,).</p> <p>The researcher identified the subjects studied during the period of the experiment after presenting them to a group of experts and specialists. The researcher prepared teaching plans for the subjects to be taught during the period of the experiment and the researcher presented two model plans to selected experts and specialists to determine their validity and relevance.</p> <p>The researcher studied the two groups of research during the period of the experiment and after the end of the experiment, the researcher applied the expression performance test to the students of the two groups.</p> <p>The researcher used the following statistical methods: (Z-Test) for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, and after analyzing the results, the researcher reached the following:</p> <ol> <li>The students of the experimental group who studied the expression material using the thilin model were superior to the control group students who studied expression in the traditional way in the expressive performance test.</li> </ol> <p>The researcher concluded that the students responded to the Thilin model in teaching and interacted with him and the results showed that.</p> <p>The researcher concluded a set of recommendations:</p> <p><br><br>1. The Thilin model should be used in teaching expression, because it has a role in improving expression</p> <ol start="2"> <li>2. The importance of teaching the expression should be given special importance in proportion to the place of expression among the branches of the other Arabic language and not to convert it to another lesson for another branch of Arabic or another lesson for a subject other than Arabic.</li> </ol> <p>He suggested the following:</p> <p>1.Conduct a similar study on the fourth grade students in the expression, because the current research was limited to students</p> <ol start="2"> <li>Conducting a similar study to investigate the effect of the Thilin model in the development of creative thinking among students of the fourth literary.</li> </ol> 2019-04-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon Tribal Visual During Islamic Times 2019-04-23T05:46:58+00:00 Banan Fakhir Yusuf <p style="text-align: justify;">The research deals with Al-Basra tribes during the Islamic period, some of them of origin, some of them migrated to Basra. Most of these tribes migrated to it because of Basra's physical and scientific temptations for its inhabitants for successive periods until it was settled. The neighborhoods, cities, roads and rivers became the names of those tribes, some of which played a political and military role and changed the course of history. In opposition movements to the state or loyal to them until they were exhausted by wars and tribal conflicts and ended their political role.</p> 2019-04-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon Study The Causes of Children Begging Phenomenon in The Center of Babil Province and its Treatment 2019-04-23T05:54:10+00:00 Fatimah Hameed Naser Al Mamoori Ahlam Hamid Jasim Al Hassan <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research aims to identifying the causes of the phenomenon of child begging in the center of Babil province from the educational, psychological and social point of view and understanding the causes from the point of view of the working children themselves, and then the proposed solutions to eliminate this phenomenon from the point of view of the public at different levels and specialists in the field of sociology.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In the current research, the questionnaire was adopted as a means of collecting the required data to analyze the causes of the phenomenon and to obtain the necessary proposals for treatment that were prepared by the researchers in addition to individual interviews with the begging children in the study places.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research samples reached 53 children in the study places in the center of Babel governorate, in (the intersection of the revolution, the intersection of the mother, the intersections of Bab al-Hussein, Karama Street, the bridge of the Indians, the iron bridge, the doctors street, the market of Hilla, the control of Abi Gharq). In addition, 50 questionnaires were adopted for each social stratum in which important information and data were collected (doctors in the field of psychiatry, family medicine, pediatrics, university professors and postgraduate students in the field of psychological and educational sciences), workers in the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, or teachers with general competencies - the category of young graduates and university students, including activists in civil society organizations - parents (parents and parents) who are over the age of 50 years of the general population).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The results showed that the weakness of the supervisory role of social welfare institutions received the highest percentage among the main reasons for the spread of child begging phenomenon, while the child's desire to work and migration from rural to city did not constitute any cause for this phenomenon. It was found that child labor is more prevalent among males than among females, and that the highest rate is between 8-12 years. The highest dropout rate is found in the third grade of boys only.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Through this study, a number of important recommendations and practical measures have been proposed that could be adopted to prevent or reduce the phenomenon of begging in the province of Babylon.</p> 2019-04-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Impact of the Swom Strategy on the Achievement of First Grade Students in Arabic Grammar The impact of the Swom strategy on the Achievement of First Grade Students in the Arabic Grammar 2019-04-29T09:20:53+00:00 Wafea Jabber Mohammed Yasiri Hussein Faleeh Mahdi Abes Fahim Saheb <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research aims to identify the impact of the SWOM strategy in teaching the grammar of the Arabic language in the first intermediate students.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The limits of the research were:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">- A sample of the first- grade students in the average Ahl al-Bayt for the academic year 2016 - 2017.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">And a number of subjects to be taught in the grammar of the Arabic language for the first grade is the average: [science, pronouns, names of the sign, and names linked, and familiar Bal, and knowledge in addition, and beginner and news, and her sisters, and that sisters].</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;As for the research community, the current research community is the middle school day schools only in Hilla city center for the academic year [2016 -2017], if the sample of 72 female students is average and randomly selected.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The researchers used the appropriate means to process the data [the T-test of two independent samples, the Kai square, the Person correlation coefficient] , The equation of the difficulty coefficient, the equation of the paragraph distinction, and the equation of the effectiveness of the wrong alternatives], where the researchers reached the superiority of the experimental group who study according to the strategy [Swom] on the control group who study according to the usual method.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The researchers concluded:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>The need to adopt the teachers of the Arabic language and schools Swom strategy, because of its effectiveness in achievement.</li> <li>Teachers and teachers should be encouraged to use the Swom strategy effectively in the teaching of grammar.</li> <li>The need to use methods and teaching methods in line with modern trends in teaching in order to think to develop students' intellectual abilities to face life in a changing world.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The researchers suggested that a similar study should be conducted to determine the effect of using a Swom strategy in the rest of the Arabic language, such as literature, rhetoric, dictation, and reading.</p> 2019-04-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Influence of Intellectual Transformations in Romantic Art 2019-04-29T09:27:26+00:00 Eman Khazal Abbas Marouf Zainab Ragheb Al Obeidi <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The present research includes the influence of intellectual transformations in romantic art. The transformation of intellectual into the visual achievement of romantic art and the role of these transformations in directing the mechanisms of work in the drawings and works of romantic art, and this research consists of four chapters, which includes the first chapter identify the problem of research, which is clear through the following questions, which are real problems that require study Is there an impact of intellectual transformations and The romantic artist dealt with the effect of his artistic works. How effective are the transformations, factors and foundations that affect the structure of the romantic painting? The present research aims to identify the effect of intellectual transformations in romantic art. The limits of research included in the first chapter were limited to the study of the drawings of the Romantic artists for works performed in France for the period 1795-1840. The second chapter included the theoretical framework, , Reviewed the first topic: theories, theories and factors that influenced the art and studied the editing of art and artist. Artistic criticism and its effective role in changing the concepts of the Romantic school. The philosophical and literary opinions and their effective role in changing the course of art. The second chapter deals with the factors and foundations that influence the romantic drawing. The theoretical frame was concluded by discussing and extracting the indicators from it to be used in the analysis of the sample. The third chapter included the procedures related to the research society and the sample and methodology of the research. And conclusions as well as recommendations and proposals, and the most prominent results reached by the two researchers: 1 - the destination of the romantic artist with a personal character and special style distinctive 2. - Romance depends on the superiority of the imagination on the reality scenes Fantasia 3. - pain and fear and fatigue in drawing 4. Man impressions indicate the weight of the imaginary speech at the expense of the real, self-packed ideas and impressions in order to remove the visual blockage to reveal the representations of the invisible. 4. Self-impressions are evident as in all models of the sample. The most important conclusions: 1. Romantic art is predominantly spiritual, Revealing the soul in its internal struggles and struggles and pains. And depicts the conflict, pain and torment and reveals to us the horrific aspect of our lives. 2. Romanticism represented feelings, human imagination and self-power. It overcame passion for thought, ambiguity over logic, and passion for reservation and freedom over laws.</p> 2019-04-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon Effective Reading and Text Production (Arthroscopy Rooting) 2019-04-29T09:38:00+00:00 Hanan Jaber Al Harthy <p>The research is being undertaken the relationship between effective reading and literary text, as the levels of reading vary according to the reader's goals and methodology. Effective reading is a productive reading that goes beyond the passive recipient, to adopt a special strategy and a specific methodology for co-existence with the text and unlock my stories with the acknowledgment that the evasive meaning does not easily deliver itself to the reader. It is multiple of a readings and approaches plurality, meaning that the bookmark touches other aspects without them.&nbsp; Reading, which means focusing on the dimensions of the text, and listening to the pulse of literary text as an aesthetic way and vision of the imagination and artistic formulation reality.The aim of this research is to acknowledge between the reader and the text to format the new meaning, which means identifying the roll of the recipient in the production of new text according to his reading, each reading varies either by reference, reader, or text. So, is it true that text differs in its acceptant to the never-ending readings? And does references or literacy averages have a role in the differences in reading one text, and does have a role in meaning and reading variation? This is what we well try to uncover in this research. Descriptive analytical has affected us, because we well follow the role of reading and the reader in creating the text, and other theoretical assets of productive reading.</p> 2019-04-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon Choice Manifestations in Paintings of Adolescent Girls 2019-04-29T10:51:51+00:00 Ghadir Jawad Kadhum Israa Hamid Ali <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper tackles the topic of "Altruism Manifestations in Paintings of Adolescent Girls". It explores theories that explain altruism manifestation and aspects of altruism in the Holy Quran and Prophet Traditions by reviewing many verses of Quran and prophetic traditions. It also reviews positive moral values, the basis component of the Iraqi family and institutional social existence that reflect society culture and behavior principles.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The paper includes for chapters. The first chapter deals with the framework of research methodology represented by the problem of the research, which is limited with the following questions: "What are altruism manifestations in adolescent girls?"</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The first chapter also includes importance of the research and its aim represented by 'exploring altruism manifestations in adolescent girls'. The research is limited to examining altruism manifestations in fourth class secondary school girls who are 16 years old during the academic year 2017 – 2018 in different secondary and preparatory schools in Hillah, capital of Babil Province.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter includes three main topics representing the theoretical framework. The first topic deals with the concept of altruism. It reviews altruism in Islam, theories explaining altruism, and social and psychological concepts related to altruism. The second topic tackles the concept of adolescence including and introduction about adolescence and its stages and its features during the middle stages of adolescence. The third topic dealt 'adolescent paintings' as a means for intellectual and psychological expression of adolescent girls.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Chapter three tackles the research procedure including sample and population of the research and research approach. The researcher used two tools in this research: the first tool is the altruism behavior measure (Measure of Kawa Mohammed Ali- after making a survey and applying it on the experiment and control samples); the second tool is an adolescent paintings analysis tool.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Chapter four includes research results and analysis, conclusions, suggestions and suggestions.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">One of the main results of the research is that there are distinguished altruism manifestations in adolescent paintings including type of lines such as straight and curved lines, line boldness, shapes details, saturated colors, accurate shape coloring, and variety of coloring, changing of color- natural and unnatural.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research ends in recommendations and suggestions.</p> 2019-04-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon Terrorism and its Representation in Visual Art Contemporary Iraq 2019-06-23T10:07:50+00:00 Zainab Rihda Hamodylect <p>this research Concerns with (Terrorism and its representation in visual art contemporary Iraq), which is located in four chapters, the first chapter is devoted to (the statement of the research problem, its importance and the need for it, its goal, its borders، and to determine the terms contained in the title and definition). The third chapter singled out procedures, which included research (research community of 114 works of art is visible، and the research sample the (6) Iraqi contemporary works, then search tool، and statistical methods، and analysis of the sample). And ensure that the fourth quarter results, and conclusions، and recommendations، and proposals, Among the findings of the researcher are:</p> <ol> <li>contribute to Iraqi contemporary artists played a major role in spreading awareness of the risks of terrorist, and the fight against forms lining for international terrorism، the government, and the terror organizations, it was the artists role in creating a mind to build a new society towards independence and freedom from this vicious attack which Ost in the land of corruption, as All models in the sample.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Dualism of Extrrovesion and Introversion of Personality in the Iraqi Theater 2019-06-23T10:16:51+00:00 Jawad Kadhum Abd – Al- Amer <p>This research is a study of the dualism and introversion of personality in the Iraqi theater text. The research consists of four chapters. The first chapter deals with the problem of research, which was determined by the following question: How does the dualism and introversion of the personality work in the Iraqi theater text And the importance of research in the detection and access to the results of the dimensions of personal introverted and extraneous in the text of the Iraqi theater, and came the need to be useful to the specialists of the authors and directors and students of personal psychology and postgraduate students in the Faculty of Fine Arts. The objective of the research was to identify the dual concerns of the personality and the introversion of personality in the Iraqi theater text. The second chapter contains the theoretical framework and the previous studies, including two sections. The first section deals with the concept of extinction and convergence according to the concepts of psychologists. The second topic dealt with the study of the simplification and introversion of personality in the world theater text, which included the Western theater, the Arab theater and the Iraqi theater.</p> 2019-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Effectiveness of A Suggested Strategy Based on the Entrance of Language Communication in Developing the Skills of Speaking Among Students in the First Grade Intermediate 2019-06-23T10:40:17+00:00 Zeena Fadel Mahdi Murtada jabbr Abd <p>The aim of the research is to identify the effectiveness of a suggested strategy based on the approach of language communication in developing the speaking skills of the first grade students, by identifying the appropriate speaking skills for the first grade students, determining the basis of the proposed strategy, In the development of speaking skills among students in the first grade. The researcher also used the analytical descriptive method to extrapolate previous research and studies, build research tools, guide the teacher and use the experimental method in teaching. The current research community included the first 50 students in the first grade. The research found that there is a difference between the experimental group and the control group, and proved the effectiveness of the proposed strategy based on the entrance of language communication in the development of speaking skills.</p> 2019-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon The Collage and its Applications in Scenography the Iraqi Theatrical Display 2019-06-23T10:51:25+00:00 Mohammed Abbas Hantoosh Maryam Osamah Abed Mahmoud <p>The aim of research to the study of (the collage and its applications in scenography the Iraqi theatrical display). The collage of aesthetic possibilities in the design of the scenography theatrical presentation, in addition to the intellectual transmission in unconventional ways, stimulates the recipient to contribute to the theatrical performance by producing the meaning or participation directly interacting with the collage. Towards his interpretive possibilities and trying to monitor his formative structure in order to reach his concept given through the method of scenography theatrical presentation.</p> <p>The research consists of four chapters. The first chapter deals with the problem and importance of research and its need, in addition to the goal and limits of research and the definition of terminology. The aim of the research was to define the collage and its applications in the scenography play of the Iraqi theater.</p> <p>The second chapter consists of two topics: the first is the concept of collage, in which the concepts of collage were discussed, in addition to some of the experiences of contemporary directors such as Chiena, Chung, and Luccont. The second was titled "Elements of the Synography in the Dramatic Performance" From the knowledge and nature of the employment of theatrical space, and then concluded the second chapter of the previous studies and indicators that resulted from the theoretical framework.</p> <p>While the third chapter was the identification of the research community and the eye and the research tool and then select the research methodology after the analysis of the research samples, which were selected in a way that is tentative, AND&nbsp; The two Samples are a play (reprimand) by Anas Abdul Samad in 2013, and the play "Red Carpet" by director Jabbar Judy in 2015.</p> <p>The fourth chapter has been extracted the results of the research, including:</p> <ol> <li class="show">The two samples (1, 2) combined the very different visual and audible elements by employing overlapping structures of life scenes encoded at the level of different events and actions in the theater areas, with the reinforcement of an interlocking audio producer, which achieved the application of collage in the scenography of the play.</li> <li class="show">Formal complexity achieved a clear application presence in the two samples (1, 2) through the two displays of complex configurations, both visual and acoustic, as well as overlapping clusters of machines, devices, bodies and optical spots, which created complex and mysterious relationships despite their spatial convergence and formality As well as the use of the accumulation of bodies and silence and silence as a means to increase the complexity of the theater performances, which promoted the application of collage in the scenography of the play.</li> </ol> <p>The research concluded with conclusions, recommendations, proposals, sources and annexes.</p> <p><strong><u>&nbsp;</u></strong></p> 2019-06-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon