https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/issue/feed Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 Info. info@journalofbabylon.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>ournal of <strong>U</strong>niversity of <strong>B</strong>abylon for Humanities, (<span style="color: #ff6600;"><strong>JUBH</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBH</strong> is a Humanities peer-reviewed open access journal monthly publishing high-quality research and review papers at the lead of recent research describing significant developments in Human Sciences.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;<a title="ISSN:&nbsp;2617-0906" href="https://extranet.issn.org/resource/issn/2617-0906" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2617-0906</a></strong></span></p> https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2097 Effect of the Method of Training Stations in the Development of Speed-specific Power and Some of the Basic skills of Young Handball 2019-04-01T09:58:05+00:00 Wissam Adyab Faesil Ssoo_ssoo999@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Muscle strength is a key factor and a key factor in the skillful performance of training and competition with the difference in the degree of reliability in sports, including handball. The specialists in the field of training agree on the importance of speed strength for sports games and events, as the power of speed plays an important role as one Basic qualities of the physical components that distinguish sports activities such as the enemy and the jump and jump up and correction of the handball. Through the experience of the researcher as a player and coach noted the lack of interest of most of the trainers using the various scientific training methods in the development of speed-specific power, which adversely affected their levels in the fast play, especially in the rapid attack, which is an effective weapon handball modern to raise the capabilities of young players and their ability to serve optimally , So he saw the use of the methods of training the stations to know its impact in the development of power characteristic of speed and some of the basic skills of handball and the goal of the research to:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>Learn about the impact of the training curriculum in the style of stations on the development of speed-specific power and some of the basic skills of young players handball.</li> <li>Identify the speed-specific power and some basic skills of handball beginners.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The researcher used the experimental method because it deals with the influential phenomenon and its causes. The research society included the players of the youth class of the Maysan oil club in handball where they numbered 30 players and the whole society was taken in a comprehensive manner to be the sample of the research. The sample was divided into two groups ) Equally for each group (12). The main conclusions were:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1 - There are significant differences between pre - and post - test and physical tests and tests of the skill group.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2 - There are significant differences between pre - and post - test and in physical tests and tests of the skill group control.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3 - the existence of random differences between the tribal and remote testing of the control group in the test Tabtba.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">4 - There is a preference for the experimental group with remote tests and in physical tests and technical tests.</p> 2019-04-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2102 The Discretionary Power of the Subject Court to Defenses 2019-04-03T05:24:22+00:00 Habeeb Ubead Alamary Habeebaubead70@gmail.com Najat Kareem Jaber najatshammar@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">There is no doubt that the trial judge, who is considering the civil action, will face the objections, either by the litigants or raised by himself, that the defenses are the procedural means that the legislator allowed the opponent to respond to his opponent's requests, whether related to the proceedings of the litigation or were directed to the subject of the claimed right Or related to the case.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In order for the judge to resolve the case in the midst of this confusion of procedural rights, he must enjoy the necessary authority that enables him to reach the real fact that the defenses are one of the most important means that affect the change of course for the purpose of reaching the decisive judicial ruling of the lawsuit.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">These defenses are varied and varied. They may be formal, objective or related to the right to initiate proceedings. They may be related to public order so that they can be paid by the litigants or the court and at any stage of the proceedings and may not be related to public order so that they are limited to the litigants without the court intervening to raise them The discretionary power of the subject court to defenses is widening and narrowing according to the type of defenses. The Court's authority extends with regard to public order defenses while the Court's power is limited to defenses that are not related to public order.</p> 2019-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2103 Beauty In Islamic Thought 2019-04-03T05:31:04+00:00 Ayad Abdul KadhimTarash ayad_taresh@yahoo.com Roziah Sidik ayad_taresh@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The researcher discussed the concept of beauty and defined it as a technical and humanitarian experience, and presented this concept to some philosophers of Greece and then addressed beauty in the Islamic intellectual perspective and what came in the Holy Quran of terms such as beauty, beauty and adornment, and then the researcher took beauty in the Sunnah and Scholars and thinkers of Islam The researcher concluded that the Islamic perspective of beauty is broad and inclusive to include the real aesthetic beauty and intuition of both the metaphysical and spiritual intuition that elevates man towards absolute divine beauty.</p> 2019-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2110 Gender Identity Disorder and Its Relation to Suicidal Thoughts for Middle School Students 2019-04-03T07:17:09+00:00 Haneen Habib Al-Muhanna Sadiqkadhum@gmail.com Sadik Kadhem Al-Shammari Haneen.almuhanna2@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Objective of the present research:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1- Identify the levels of intermediate students in Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2- Find the differences in moral Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts on according to sex and variables.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3- Identify the link relationship between Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts among students in junior high.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research sample has consisted of (445) students in the preparatory stages of Babylon center for the academic year (2017-2018). The sample was randomly selected from six schools, three of which are for male students, and the other three girls. Distributed&nbsp; according to the variables of sex and specialization.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The achievement of research objectives requires the preparation of two measures:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The first measure is to measure the Gender identity disorder that the researcher has constructed based on the criteria of the Statistical and Diagnostic Manual of Psychiatry in its revised fifth revision (DSM5-V2000).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second measure is to measure suicidal thoughts as well as the definition of Beck and others (Beck, et al, 1979). After checking the availability of the cytometric parameters of the measurements, they were applied to the research sample.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">After collecting and processing the data statistically, the researcher reached the following results:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1- The intermediate students do not have gender identity disorder</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2- There are differences according to gender variable statistical function (male, female) gender identity disorder in the interest of female students in middle school.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3- There is a statistical function differences on as a variable (scientific, literature) in gender identity disorder to interest students in the scientific specialization.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">4- The intermediate students have suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">5- There are no statistically significant differences according to gender variables and specialization in suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">6- The relationship between gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts statistical function any function (positive) correlation between gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts among students in middle school..</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">7- Statistically significant differences exist in the relationship between gender identity disorder and link suicidal thoughts on according to the variable gender (male, female) for females.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">8- There are no statistically significant differences in the relationship between gender identity disorder and link suicidal thoughts on as variable specialization (literary, scientific).</p> 2019-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2111 Discipline Punishments in the Criminal Law of Internal Security Forces 2019-04-03T07:23:06+00:00 Khadim Anaid Aljboory Khadimanaid@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Accomplishment of policeman's duties and tasks resulted in insurance of people protection and fulfillment of&nbsp; security inside the country, hence its mandatory issue that he should keep security, order, preventing commitment of crime and investigate the implementers, truly and faithfully with no bias for any via applying of laws and implementing them, if he violates application or impedes implementing them or get lazy to perform his role, he will be subjected to penalization included in the law, discipline punishments come first.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;According to what have been mentioned above, this research deals with this matter in a plan includes preliminary demand in the identity of discipline punishments, plus two sections, first one is specialized for searching in breaches of policeman and it's discipline penalizations , second is for authorities and objections then finally the epilogue that includes most important results and suggestions that we had come up with, in addition to reference list and an abstract in both languages (Arabic &amp;English).</p> 2019-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2113 Executive Orders in the Code of Civil and Administrative Procedures of Algeria 2019-04-03T07:31:22+00:00 Mohamed Ali Hassoun Hassoun380@gmail.com Hanan Nouasseria Hanane.nouasria@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of every litigant by filing a petition in the administrative court is to protect his rights violated by the administration. In fact, non-enforcement of judicial decisions without a legitimate reason is a violation of the law itself,and a violation of the rule of law in the state of law. To limit the cases of non-execution of administrative judgments, the Algerian legislator, adopted solutions - imitating the French legislator - to force the administration to execute the judgments. This legislative recognition has just turned a long time dominated by the principle of the prohibition of giving orders to the administration by the administrative judge.</p> 2019-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2132 The Concept of the Creative Right "A Comparative study" 2019-04-04T08:15:16+00:00 Mansoor Hatem mansoorhatem@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The Creative right is a kind of right that gives the owner the ability to creat an&nbsp; effect on others that includes the modification, termination or creation of alegal status for others , and third parties to comply and submit to this effect. Islamic jurisprudence knowns middle status that corresponds to the Creative right in jurisprudence. The Creative right is a degree of right, but less of a scope and content than the ordinary right because it does not creat an obligation on others</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2133 Penal Protection of the Air Environment (A Comparative Study) 2019-04-04T08:24:02+00:00 Nasreen Mohsen Nema Al – Husseini nsreenalhusainy@gmial.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The air environment is one of the most important elements of the environment and its pollution has serious effects by endangering the lives of individuals and living organisms for damage or danger. Hence, the Iraqi legislator in the Iraqi Penal Code No. 111 of 1969 amended, as well as the law of protection and improvement of the environment currently in force No. 27 For the year 2009 pollution of the air environment, and considered the first law the crime of pollution of the air environment violated and punished by imprisonment or fine or both penalties in separate texts of the fourth book, whether it is related to public health or public rest, according to the form of criminal behavior component of the physical component of the crime , While the second law considered the crime as a misdemeanor and punished it with imprisonment and fine as well after taking a series of administrative sanctions against the perpetrator under Chapter 9. It should be noted that the Iraqi legislator in the previous two laws has attended to the individuals a number of activities, And the mere fact that individuals carry out such activities in violation of the laws, regulations and instructions, the crime is realized, even if it does not cause harm, as the crime under investigation is a form of formal crime or the crimes of the abstract behavior that the legislator punished. Z verification of the outcome.</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2136 Inclusion in the Prophexic Hadith 2019-04-04T08:54:23+00:00 Fatima Hamza Kazem Fatima1965a@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Listed in the language: ((is the name of the effect of the thing included in the thing if you entered it, and included it, and included so in the case if inserted)).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The listing is a kind of ailment of the hadeeth of the hadeeth, and the hadeeth that is included is a kind of weak hadeeth, which is as the scholars have known: And the Messenger, and is in the attribution, and accustomed to the narrators of the hadiths considered, and correct the alert to any increase in the talk, no matter how small, and to provide it, and the owners, in Sindh or in the Metn, because not alert them raises suspicion between the words infallible (Peace be upon him) and the words of the narrator, which leads to lying to them (peace be upon them).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Therefore, researcher sought to alert to this increase according to my humble efforts.</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2138 Aproposed Program Based on the Analysis of the Qur'anic Discourse to Develop Literary Taste Skills Among High School Students 2019-04-04T09:12:14+00:00 Zeena Fadel Mahdi haiderlaser@yahoo.com Murtada jabbr Abd haiderlaser@yahoo.com <p>The current research problem is the low level of literary taste among high school students, which requires finding solutions and alternatives through which these skills can be developed. Hence, the need for this research is determined by determining the skills required for literary tasting and the preparation of a proposed program based on the analysis of the Qur'anic discourse His skills in light. The current search problem can be formulated</p> <p>In the following main question: How can the development of literary taste skills among high school students using a proposed program to analyze the Qur'anic discourse?</p> <p>It has the following sub-questions:</p> <ol> <li class="show">What are the literary tasting skills required for high school students?</li> </ol> <p>2.What is the basis of the program of analyzing the proposed Qur'anic discourse in the development of literary taste skills among high school students? What are its components?</p> <p>In order to answer the research questions, the researcher used the descriptive approach. She identified a list of the literary taste skills required for secondary students and prepared the proposed program based on the analysis of the Qur'anic discourse to develop literary taste skills, which included the following: (basics of the program, its components, : A teacher's guide was prepared for the teaching of the program. The guide included an explanation of the basics of the program, its objectives, content, teaching strategy and evaluation methods</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2140 The Image of the Hero in the Art of Popular Arab Photography 2019-04-04T09:20:31+00:00 Maha Saleem Abood salem76@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research consists of four chapters. The first chapter deals with the research problem, which is summarized as follows: What are the characteristics of the image of the hero in the art of Arab popular photography as well as the importance of research and its need? .</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter included two topics: First: Characteristics of the art of portraying the Arab folk and the second topic: the concept of heroism in the Arab popular culture, as well as the indicators that the research ended. The third chapter deals with the research procedures represented by the research, the research sample, the research methodology, and the analysis of five models of Arab folk photography. The fourth chapter included the results of the research, the most important of which:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">-The image of the hero in the Arab folk art is based on a literary legacy or a long oral tradition, influenced by the methods of formulating the heroic character in Arab folk art.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">-The image of the popular hero draws its strength and psychological and aesthetic impact from specific positions chosen by the popular artist from the whole biography of the hero and is formulated according to his artistic vision affected by the popular public view of this beloved figure.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The most important conclusions are:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">-popular artist uses the bright and bright colors of an atmosphere of optimism and a sense of vitality and focuses on contrasts color that gives the forms of strength and greater presence in the eyes of the recipient</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;As well as recommendations, proposals, form appendix, research summary in English and research sources.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2142 Symbol and Fiction in the Works of Lowland Artists for the Period of (1400-1600) M 2019-04-04T09:25:57+00:00 Ahmed Hofdi Hassan Ahmedallban@umail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This research is an attempt to identify the concept of symbol and imagination in the work of artists of the lowlands and the role played by the two terms in the development of art, where the current research contained four chapters, the first chapter included the problem of research and importance and need. The problem of research was identified in the answer to the question: Symbol and imagination in the work of artists of the lowlands for the period (1400-1600) m - and these two roles of prominent role in the development of art later - and how to use the symbol and imagination in the art of photography within the natural vision of art of lowlands? The research objective was determined by highlighting the role of symbolism and imagination in the work of lowland artists and the intellectual and moral dimensions. The limits of the research were determined by a collection of works of art within the period (1400 AD-1600 AD), as well as aesthetically and philosophically defined terms. The second chapter included three topics, the first of which was the social dimension in the work of artists of the lowlands. The second topic dealt with the role of nature in the works of artists of the lowlands in the period (1400 - 1600 m). The third section included the symbolic dimension and imagination in the artistic output of a group of artists of the lowlands, and the third chapter deals with the procedures that included the research community which is the drawing (drawing) and the sample of the intentional research and reached (4) models and methodology of the research, descriptive analytical method. The fourth chapter included conclusions, conclusions, suggestions and recommendations.</p> <ol> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The artists of low-lying land, nature and diversity in building designs used ways in which they interacted with their love and their propensity for well-being, life and the love of nature.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The aesthetic dimensions of the colors of the artists of the lowlands varied through the adoption of the elements of color contrast, in order to achieve the total aesthetic dimension of the artistic painting.</li> </ol> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2143 Sequence of Meanings of Analysis In Chosen Texts of Imam Ali Speech 2019-04-04T09:31:44+00:00 Edriss Jahil Edriss Idrisalmahana_73@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The analysis considers as one of Arabic capacity and richness also that many pronunciations in Arabic structures may be expressed in more than one from. Here we try to explain the effect of sequential analysis in some pronunciation appeared in the texts of&nbsp; Nahj al-Balaghah. It has been mentioned in more than a novel between raising and erecting, raising and dragging and the consequent linguistic implications of what can be more likely than in terms of considered linguistic evidence. The studied text-as known- in the highest degrees of eloquence. That who say it the flocks will descend from him and the bird will not rise to him for his knowledge, understanding and eloquence. The curriculum text was compiled by the nobleman Al-Sharif Al-Radi, which included the Imam’s sermons, his books and letters has chosen seventy eight(78) books, some of them long and others are short once, his wisdom and short words. Four hundred and eighty nine (498) phrase of short word of them were chosen.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2144 Angela Carter's the Bloody Chamber and Other Stories: A Postmodern Re-telling of Politics 2019-04-04T09:38:54+00:00 Basim Al-Ghizawi basim.neshmy@qu.edu.iq Ridha'a' Jelaaweiy rose54313@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Re-telling traditional stories is one of the postmodern techniques used by most of the postmodern writers for the sake of representing the traditional stories from a postmodern perspective. Most of the postmodern writers desire to get the benefit from the earlier stories considering them as a base for their new tales. Doing so, those writers use the revoly fashioned stories to revolt against certain political issues which lead to nothing but the chaotic state in the society. One of the postmodern writers who adopted this technique is Angela Carter. Carter, in her collection <em>The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories</em>, used magical realism and re-told fairy tales as elements of fantasy. In this sense, she intended to revolt against the norms and traditions of the patriarchal society that stands against women.</p> 2019-04-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2151 The Aesthetic Concepts of Drawing on Rocks in Contemporary Iraqi Art 2019-04-07T05:14:07+00:00 Eman Khazal Abbas Marouf Eman12maroof@gmail.com Zainab Ragheb Al Obeidi Eman12maroof@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The study dealt with the following topics: (aesthetic drawing on the rocks in contemporary Iraqi art), and it contains four chapters: The first chapter is separated by the methodological framework of the research representative: the problem of research, which can be summarized: What is aesthetic drawing on the rocks? The research limits were limited to the study of drawing on rocks and the analysis of models of contemporary Iraqi painting, by adopting the descriptive method in the method of analysis in the theoretical and cognitive thesis in the analysis of the research samples. The second chapter deals with the aesthetic of the environment and its effect on the artist. The third chapter included the procedures related to the research society and the sample and methodology of the research, and then the analysis of the sample which reached (four) models. Research and conclusions preferred The most important findings of the two researchers: -1. Inspire artists from the nature of rocks and touch stones, which work on the effects inspired by the inherent relationship between man and stones and the world of dark caves and their terrain to create images and images that transmit the recipient to the original relationships and primitive atmosphere and pervasive foot As in all models.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2152 Expression in the Contemporary Iraqi Ceramics Composition 2019-04-07T05:19:13+00:00 Haider Abdulhussian Majhool haideranonymous@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research is the study and analysis of the concept of expression in the contemporary Iraqi ceramic composition. The research is divided into four chapters, the first of which includes the methodological framework of the research and the problem of research, which is summed up by the following question: What are the meanings of expression in contemporary ceramics? As well as the importance of research and the need for it and the research objective of: the detection of the meanings of expression in the composition of contemporary Iraqi ceramics, the limits of research and terminology.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter, the theoretical framework of the research, was damaged in two ways: 1 - the concept of expression and composition in art 2 - the origin and development of the art of contemporary Iraqi ceramics, as well as the indicators that ended the theoretical framework.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The third chapter (research procedures) included the research community, the research sample, the research tool, the research methodology, and the analysis of the research sample of (6) works of the products of contemporary Iraqi ceramics.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The fourth chapter included, the results of the research, conclusions, recommendations, proposals, proven sources of research.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2155 The Effect of Cort in Gaining of Second Year Secondary School Student in Chemistry and Minting Them 2019-04-07T05:56:36+00:00 Khadija Eubeed Hussien Alivtdt@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The available methods of education limited to saving and retrieving information, thus they are not efficient because they depend on the content of scientific material and not considering students. In this study, the effect of applying the cort program in the education of second stage Mediterranean school at the chemistry.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The empirical design is considered and for girls the syadaa Mediterranean school is chosen to implement the experiment . Tow groups are chosen as a sample for the experiment and it is noticed that the group used the cort program are better in subscribing in understanding the contents of subject. It is suggested to make another studies around using the cort program in Education in different disciplines</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2156 Domains for the formula ((do)) Domain In Surat al-Baqarah 2019-04-07T06:01:49+00:00 Suhad Yas Abbaas Sohad71@yahoo.com <p>The study dealt with the study of the semantic domains of the formula (do) in the light of semantic field theory. The research is conducted in a preface and two sections, dealing with the preamble of the semantic field theory, the types of those fields, and the linguistic relations between the fields. The first topic dealt with the semantic domains of the formula (do) in the direction of goodness, through the times of the verb with the number of times of roses, as well as the analysis and identification of meaning through the context, and then the development of a statistical table to indicate the frequency ratios of fields. The second topic dealt with the semantic areas of the formula (do) in the field of control towards evil, and what I did in the previous subject I created in this subject.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2157 The Language of Jawahiri :Between The Reality of Word and iIts Implication 2019-04-07T06:07:55+00:00 Shaymaa Mohammed Kadhim Shammaalzobaydey@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The language of poetry has found great interest from critics and researchers in ancient and modern times because it is an essential element in the construction of the poetic text. At the same time, it is the poet's way of conveying what is in his mind and his thoughts and delivering it to the recipient in a clear and frank manner</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This is either through vocabulary acquired by the connotations of the context according to the ability of the poet and his proficiency in the adaptation of these words depending on his experience of poetry or through linguistic structures represented by the idea of the poet who wants to give it to his recipients.Note that the language of poetry is not the language of prose, because it is a language of inspiration, not grammatical grammatical forms only, it is a means and an end in that one. The research interest in clarifying the genius of the poet Jeweler in adapting the language and make it in keeping with the spirit of the age and culture of recipient, based analytical method in the questioning of poetic texts, and the most important thing in the research that the era of the 1920s of the era of poetical Jeweler is a reflection of the ancient language, And the simulation and imitation of the old, but the choice of words and use in the position that he wanted them from each subject in his poetry, came his modernist poetry mosaic panel includes the past and made and the current and liberal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research came on two demands: the first is the theoretical aspect, the second is the applied analytical aspect, followed by a conclusion and a list of sources and references.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2158 Gender Identity Disorder and Its Relation to Suicidal Thoughts for Middle School Students 2019-04-07T06:44:58+00:00 Haneen Habib Al-Muhanna Sadiqkadhum@gmail.com Sadik Kadhem Al-Shammari Haneen.almuhanna2@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Objective of the present research:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1- Identify the levels of intermediate students in Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2- Find the differences in moral Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts on according to sex and variables.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3- Identify the link relationship between Gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts among students in junior high.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research sample has consisted of (445) students in the preparatory stages of Babylon center for the academic year (2017-2018). The sample was randomly selected from six schools, three of which are for male students, and the other three girls. Distributed&nbsp; according to the variables of sex and specialization.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The achievement of research objectives requires the preparation of two measures:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The first measure is to measure the Gender identity disorder that the researcher has constructed based on the criteria of the Statistical and Diagnostic Manual of Psychiatry in its revised fifth revision (DSM5-V2000).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second measure is to measure suicidal thoughts as well as the definition of Beck and others (Beck, <em>et al</em>, 1979). After checking the availability of the cytometric parameters of the measurements, they were applied to the research sample.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">After collecting and processing the data statistically, the researcher reached the following results:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1- The intermediate students do not have gender identity disorder</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2- There are differences according to gender variable statistical function (male, female) gender identity disorder in the interest of female students in middle school.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3- There is a statistical function differences on as a variable (scientific, literature) in gender identity disorder to interest students in the scientific specialization.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">4- The intermediate students have suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">5- There are no statistically significant differences according to gender variables and specialization in suicidal thoughts.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">6- The relationship between gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts statistical function any function (positive) correlation between gender identity disorder and suicidal thoughts among students in middle school..</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">7- Statistically significant differences exist in the relationship between gender identity disorder and link suicidal thoughts on according to the variable gender (male, female) for females.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">8- There are no statistically significant differences in the relationship between gender identity disorder and link suicidal thoughts on as variable specialization (literary, scientific).</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2159 The Role of Empowerment in Enhancement of Organizational Creativity – A field Study in Dewaniyah Tires Plant 2019-04-07T06:49:28+00:00 Taher Hameed Abbas Bahia tahirhamed64@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The present study is concerned with the importance of Empowerment and investing it as a development strategy to enhance the creativity of employees in the Diwaniyah tires plant, as it is a strategic dimension that enables the organization to achieve a competitive position by motivating employees to research and development to enhance their creativity and adoption of new and unusual ideas that result in changes in their favor creativity as an effective tool for the success and sustainability of the organization. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire of (40) item adopted, The sample included (75) workers from different levels of the organization. According to the purpose of the study, two main hypotheses were formulated. A range of statistical means have been used by Using on (spss vr.24). The researcher came up with a set of conclusions and recommendations that are consistent with those conclusions: The responses of the sample respondent reflected a Positive trend of the importance of Empowerment as a Vital Strategy in Order to establish the foundation of development and Creativity and adopt a successful business philosophy in order to upgrade the Organization</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2160 The Development of Classroom and Extra-curricular Activities from the Point of View of Teachers and Supervisors in Light of the Overall Quality Requirements for Elementary School Students in Iraq 2019-04-07T06:56:06+00:00 Oday Ali Kadhem AODA306@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This research dealt with the development of activities, classroom and extra-curricular from the teachers and supervisors look at the primary school in Iraq, and this study aimed to identify the process of development activities, classroom and extra-curricular by teachers and supervisors for students of primary school in light of the overall quality requirements in the province of Babil in Iraq, as the researcher used in the study descriptive analytical method. The sample of the research (30) teachers and supervisor of the administrators of school activity in the province, of (10) primary schools has been designed researcher questionnaire was presented to the arbitrators professors of specialists in addition to faculty members and administrators in the Ministry of Education in order to acquire the final version. Has been distributed to a sample study classified by area of specialization and the teachers and supervisors. The researcher analyzed the data using statistical methods (center- weighted and the relative weight), <strong>and the main results are: -</strong></p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li class="show">The school management has an important role in the development of student activities, especially with regard to providing the time, quotas and convincing parents and follow-up.</li> <li class="show">For school administrators do in the development of student activities, especially with regard to follow-up and preparation of plans and reports and claim to provide financial support and time.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>The most important recommendations were:-</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Study the reasons for the weakness of school activities in primary schools in Iraq.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Conduct a study on ways to improve school activities in the schools of the province of Babil in Iraq.</li> </ol> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2161 Technical Configuration Problems in External Fencing Paintings in Primary Schools in Babil Province 2019-04-07T07:04:11+00:00 Mawahib Abdul Hamid Abdul Khafaji Weaam.office@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Problems of technical training in drawing fencing in primary schools in Babil Governorate.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The wall paintings of the fences of primary schools indicate that there is a deficiency in highlighting the aesthetic characteristics that make the fence of the school something striking in its distinctive form through its visual properties, but the expression of these murals suggests the form is absent from the content, especially that this form is inspired by drawings of textbooks or cartoon characters It has no connection to local content or contemporary heritage. Therefore, he lacks the aesthetic values ​​studied in relation to the environment of the student. Therefore, the research is concerned with the study of the problems of technical formation in external fencing drawings in primary schools in Babil Governorate.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research is divided into four chapters dealing with the first chapter of the research methodology of the problem of research, which was determined by the following question (What are the problems of technical composition in the fencing drawings in primary schools in Babil province)?</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The objective of the research is to identify the problems of technical formation in the external fencing drawings in primary schools in Babil Governorate.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research also included an analysis of the research limits for the academic year (2016-2017) and the placement of public primary school buildings in the center of Babil / Al-Hadar governorate. And objectively to study the problems of technical formation in the fencing drawings in the center of Babil province.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter dealt with the theoretical framework which consists of two sections.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1- Elements of technical training in architecture.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2 - Art educational educated murals, located in two axes</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>Art of murals in schools</li> <li>Environmental factors affecting the murals</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">The researcher examined the research society (primary school buildings - Hilla Center), which is (72) schools and sample of the research (8) school buildings. The researcher applied the tool after completing its conditions on the research sample.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The fourth chapter concerned the results, conclusions, recommendations and proposals.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1 - The murals were divided into sections, but were not implemented in a panorama to connect the parts of the murals with each other.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2 - The elements of technical training did not meet together in any mural of the murals of the research sample</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;" start="3"> <li>Color played the main element in the drawing of school murals</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">4- The shapes of the city of Babylon and its civilization did not express the shapes.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">5 - Determination of shapes most often with black lines.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong></p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>Not to make a sketch of the subject of the mural</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">2 - not to reconcile the choice of the subject of the wall and take it out in a precise technical manner and not to adopt the frescoes creative.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3 - the lack of harmony in the technical formations in the school fences with the modern urban movement.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2162 Political Thought of John Salisbury (1117-1180) 2019-04-07T07:10:17+00:00 Yonnis Abbas Nema dr.younis@uobabylon.edu.iq <p style="text-align: justify;">It was proved that many of the concepts, ideas and visions that influenced and still effect on modern political thought found in the European Middle Ages, which many researchers thought arose in the seventeenth century (the Age of Reason) and the 18th century (Enlightenment) and attributed to thinkers such as Machiavellian. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">It is possible to find strong roots for the elements that have emerged in the history of thought since the Renaissance in the thought of Salisbury and whatever his ideas are characterized by simplicity, but it has worked to correct and change the intellectual path that was dominated by traditional religious thought.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2165 The Idea of a Living Constitution in Jurisprudence and Constitutional Judiciary 2019-04-07T08:55:35+00:00 Maysoon Taha Hussien maiszuh@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The idea of a living constitution is under the shadow of the constitutional supremacy, This principle, which was originally set to protect the document that establishes the state's entity and spirit and to protect the will of the people that has been translated into the constitution, but the principle of constitutional supremacy cannot transform the constitution into a dead rigid document, no matter how high the Constitution is, the latter is a law in its essence, the latter is a law in essence and the law derives its life and effectiveness from society. Society is a moving, innovative and evolving phenomenon. Therefore, this law must keep abreast of developments and try to assimilate them and organize them in an optimal manner, so that the constitution becomes viable so that it can perform the function that it has found for it, namely, organizing life in a society characterized as a state.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Based on the above, the research explores the idea of a living constitution by addressing it in the light of jurisprudence and the rulings and decisions of the constitutional judiciary.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2167 The Similarities and Differences Between Christian Art and Islamic Art. 2019-04-07T09:07:53+00:00 Suhad Abed Al- Moneim Shaabith elec9018@gmail.com Mustafa Riyadh Jawed Al- Yassin elec9018@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The current research dealt with similarities and differences between Christian art and Islamic art in order to achieve the objective of research, which dealt with the detection of similarities and differences between Christian art and Islamic art. The research included four chapters, the first of which was devoted to the methodological framework, M, as well as specifying search terms.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second topic dealt with research procedures in terms of limiting the research community and the tool that included all the information. The entire research society was subjected to study in order to reach accurate results. Sample Search (50) Minimized.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Finally, chapter four covered the results and conclusions that emerged from the research.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">(1) the natural form symbolic has obtained a percentage of difference between the technicians has received a percentage in Islamic art attended the repetitions and attended a percentage and in the Christian art on 23&nbsp; repetitions and %92 percentage was the total number of repetitions of 23&nbsp; and 46&nbsp; percent was Islamic art non-function ratio The Christian art ratio function as in sample number 5, 4,3,2,1.... except number 12 in Christian art.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">(2) The style of the line - similar in terms of both in terms of both the style of organic curve line and the result is not a function of both technicians has been the art of Christian repetitions zero and 0% percentage, either in Islamic art (11) repetitions and %4 as in Art No.19,18,14,13,12,11,9,8,7,6,4. In Islamic art, the total number of repetitions per digit (11) and 22% was not significant for both.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The main conclusions are:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;(1) The special form did not appear in Christian art, but rather as a result of the structural and structural transformations of civilization that were gradually developing into this idea.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">(2)The symbols in the Christian painting are influential in the minds of people because of their sacred meaning on the basis that the influence of religion on the medieval society is increasing.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2177 Aesthetics of Theatrical Direction in the Shows of Open Spaces 2019-04-07T09:41:01+00:00 Mohammed Kadhim Hashim alshammari mkhalshemary@yahoo.com Haider Jawad Kadhim Alamidi mkhalshemary@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The theatrical space is characterized from other components and elements of theatrical show with being considered as an incubator that includes all techniques of show beside the viewer, without space of show means there is now deed submitted to the viewer, it lies in first rank of show geography that is determined by director, picking the space depends upon the style of director and his artistic vision that will appear to be a feature added to the features of theatrical direction in foundation of space, casting the show and its methodical that himself should discover through nature of text and his technical skills because directional vision depends in application upon privacy of space i.e. inventing new space matches with idea of show. So, recent directional experiences seek for contrast in presenting their shows, so the stage director resorts to suggested spaces out of familiar Italian box and open space is one of them due to the aesthetic added by these open spaces for the show's aesthetic and it's other functions like evidence, drama and psychology.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research consists of four chapters, first one tackled with methodical frame that included research's problem represented by the following question (Does theatrical direction acquire aesthetic function beside it's other functions of evidence, drama and psychology in the shows of open spaces from others?) while the aim was limited to (Exploring aesthetics of theatrical direction in shows of open spaces) plus to importance and need to the research and specifying most important terms.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Second chapter was the theoretical frame and previous studies, divided into two sections, first one tackled with studying (Open space show, growth/ development) displaying growth of open space starts from Greek stage passing throw ancient times until renaissance), while second section concerned about studying (Contemporary directional shows in open spaces) then indications that resulted from theoretical frame. While third chapter concerned about research's procedures, analyzing the intentional attained sample (Universal adventure) displayed on (2013), the two researchers depends in designing the analyzing tool upon the indications obtained from theoretical frame, while in the fourth chapter the researcher had recommended a bunch of conclusions, suggestions and recommendations to finalize the research with a list of references and sources.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/2179 Stereotypes in the Sociology of Ali Al-Wardi: Its Origination and Relics 2019-04-07T09:51:24+00:00 Nadim Jawad Kazem Hisham.adel19915@gmail.com Hisham Adel Hartah Hisham.adel19915@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This research has been taken out of master's thesis submilted by (Hisham Adel Hartah) entitled "Stereotypes on Religious and Ethnic Minorities in the Middle and Southern Euphrates Provinces of Iraq Field social study To the college of Arts, Department of Sociology, University of Babylon,Under the guidance&nbsp; of Assistant Professor Dr. (NazemJawadKazem) "</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Dr. Ali Al-Wardi (1913-1995) is an Iraqi sociologist, an Iraqi mind producer of prolific and innovative works of enlightened societal ideas. He was passionate about the stereotypes he had been inspired by his community since childhood, and the cognitive and intellectual value he had acquired through his studies, His community, believes Dr. Ali al-Wardi that the human mind is subject to psychological, social and cultural constraints, these limitations indicate that the mind is a social product and that the facts possessed by this mind and defend it are not absolute facts, but are the results of the process of social preparation that seeks to standardize and molding human thought.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The results of this study are: 1- Reason is the product of a social constellation. In other words, the mind of man grows only within the limits of the mold that society makes for him. And the idea that is wrong in your opinion may be true in the eyes of others because it sees the perspective imposed by the community or imposed by his own interest or psychological complex.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">For this reason people were interested in&nbsp; stereotypes in sociology Dr. Ali Al-Wardi and how it originated, and its positive and negative effects.</p> 2019-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##