https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/issue/feed Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities 2019-01-28T11:22:58+00:00 Info. info@journalofbabylon.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>ournal of <strong>U</strong>niversity of <strong>B</strong>abylon for Humanities, (<span style="color: #ff6600;"><strong>JUBH</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBH</strong> is a Humanities peer-reviewed open access journal monthly publishing high-quality research and review papers at the lead of recent research describing significant developments in Human Sciences.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;<a title="ISSN:&nbsp;2617-0906" href="https://extranet.issn.org/resource/issn/2617-0906" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2617-0906</a></strong></span></p> https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1905 Maladaptive Cognitive Schema For University Students 2018-12-28T19:31:52+00:00 Batool Bannay Zubairi Batool-2008@yahoo.com Reyam Abd- Al Hussein Abd-alaa Psychologywer330@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Maladaptive cognitive schema are a collection of memories, emotion perception and physical sensation that related to person himself and&nbsp; his relationship with others. The main aims of thisresearch is to identify the leve of these intrastraction in university students according the two variable gender and specialty study ,where formed a scale to detect the&nbsp; Maladaptive cognitive schema consist of (63) paragraph, and applied on (400) sample (male, female) Babylon university student, where found that the existence of Maladaptive cognitive schema in them, and there is no differences between them due to variable (sex and specialty study), and this mean that the pedagogic methods of parenting and relationships between family members influence the determination of the behavior pattern from which its issued.</p> 2018-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1906 The Criminal Effects of the Crime of The Employees Seizure of Real Estate "A comparative Study” 2018-12-29T14:14:09+00:00 Hassoun Obaid Hijij Huseinjumaah@gmail.com Hussein Jumaah Mohammed Huseinjumaah@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">public official, since the criminal responsibility of the public official is dangerous because of the legal consequences for the public official. The commission of a public official for any crime raises his legal responsibility, and this liability may be civil, penal or disciplinary, depending on the type of crime he committed. The crime committed by the public official is either a disciplinary offense that gives rise to disciplinary responsibility that results in disciplinary punishment, The employment relationship does not necessarily result in any crime committed by the public employee, depending on the type of crime, its severity, its relationship to the job, and its being prejudicial to the job. “If the offense is criminal”, as well as the civil responsibility to redress the harm caused by the crime by compensating the victim of the crime. The focus of our research will be on the criminal effects of the disciplinary and civil action arising from the scope of our research. A civil servant who has committed a criminal offense in the performance of his or her duties or because of which a crime is punishable by a criminal offense. Based on this, the criminal effects of the crime of the employee's seizure of a property is the movement of a legal complaint against the accused and that the movement of this complaint is carried out by certain parties by law and also before certain judicial bodies, and consequent imposition of a penalty against the accused whether these penalties are original or consequential or That the commission of the offense may be accompanied by incidental and consequential facts and reveals the gravity of the seriousness of the perpetrator, which necessitates a commutation of the penalty or facts that lead to a tightening of the penalty. The commission of the offense by the employee is an affront to the functional bond between him and his employer.</p> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1907 The Dominant Sign in the Hadith - the Code is an Example 2018-12-29T14:32:36+00:00 Sabah Abbas Anouz sabahanooz888@gmail.com Anam Hassan Shamran Al-Dhafiri anaamhassan1992@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The research is concerned with the study of the mark in the hadith, because its presence in the text has an important role because it gives the text a definite meaning, because it has the ability to convey the meaning from words and ambiguity to clarity, as well as it is a means or tool to communicate the recipient with the text and know its purpose. The purpose of the study is to study the symbol as one of its types and part of it, as well as the abundance of its narration in the Hadith, because the symbol types such as: religious, social, And historical, and that its existence is the symbol in the Hadith Sherif is a conveyor tool for purpose, giving the recipient the meaning of the modern text and explaining it to him as well as the opacity function granted by the symbol to the recipient of the Hadith, the symbol contributed and facilitated the recipient to analyze the modern text and understanding the significance, because the symbol of the technical means adopted by the event of the Sharif came inspiration And the hint without the direct expression for the purpose of increasing the focus of the recipient and draw his attention to the intended meaning, was the presence of the symbol in the Hadith, a way to bring the speaker to the recipient and deepen communication with him, and this prompts the recipient to read the text contemplated with the extension of consideration to him The meaning of the modern text conveyed by the code to the recipient is clear and understood, especially when the environment came into producing the meaning, because the symbols of the modern text are inspired by the environment of the recipient. , The symbol comes in the modern text carrying a certain idea Arda spokesman to convey to the listener came the symbol explaining it, as that idea may concern the issue of religious or social or historical, and that the main purpose of its illustrations assess the behavior of the listener and organize his life with the teachings of Islam, Prophetic tradition Within the means or artistic values ​​in expression.</p> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1908 Conceptual and Aesthetic Dimensions of the Shapes of Sumerian Sculpture 2018-12-29T17:05:15+00:00 Ali Shnaoua Wadi ahssan.alasady@yahoo.com Rasha Akram Mousa ahssan.alasady@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research (conceptual and aesthetic dimensions of the imagined forms in Sumerian sculpture) dealt with the study of the intellectual and artistic dimensions of the visualist in sculpture, whether stereotypical or prominent, and in the two periods (the era of the Sumerian era). So the researcher sought in the first chapter to clarify the problem of research and its importance and need, as well as the goal of research, which is represented by the following: Defines the conceptual and aesthetic dimensions of the imaginary forms in Sumerian sculpture." Then the researcher concluded the chapter by specifying the terms that are directly related to the research title and its objectives. The second chapter included a presentation of the theoretical framework and the previous studies, which came from two subjects, proved in the first subject conceptualized conceptually. The second topic dealt with the intellectual and artistic references to the imagined forms in Sumerian art. The third chapter was devoted to monitoring the research society and the tool that included collecting information. The samples were adopted deliberately, and (6) sculptural works covered the boundaries of research by adopting analytical descriptive method for the purpose of analysis according to the axes of the analysis tool adopted by the researcher. The fourth chapter included the results of the research, which included:-</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-Through the Sumerian Sculpture in both holographic and seminal periods (the age of dynasties and emancipation) about the artistic sensations and ideas imagined through the variety of subjects and which bear the religious and political dimensions representing the social structure of Sumerians.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2-The Sumerian body of the Sumerian and the Sumerian Imaginary and in both periods (the era of the dynasties and the spontaneous emission) of cosmic phenomena, to give it spiritual connotations associated with the religious aspect of rituals and beliefs. And then the conclusions that emerged through the possibility of achieving the objectives of research through the tool designed by the researcher, including:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-Sumerian thought created in its forms of imaginary sculptor another kind of values ​​and beliefs have the character of stability and permanence, instead of the worlds of changing life phenomena.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Spiritual dominion dominated materialism in the structure of Sumerian sculptural forms. This stems from the spirituality of the Sumerian thought of the unseen forces and their impact on human life. She also made a number of recommendations and proposals, followed by sources and annexes</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2-The religious thought is one of the most important thrusts in the structure of Sumerian sculpture by the quality of the object and the salient and in both periods (the age of breeds and emission), and this is what appeared in all samples.</p> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1909 The Readiness For Hope and Its Relation to the Beliefs of Self-effeicacy and Mental Motivation of Talented Students and Their Peers. 2018-12-29T17:54:32+00:00 Kareem Fakhri Hellal Al_Sraraty Kareem-hum2016@gmail.com Maha Muhsin Sallal AL-Zubaidy mahamhsen66@Gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Achieving the aims of education is positively related to success. students who have learning goals actively participate in their learning.the constantly plan and develop strategies to achieve their goals.they believe in their ability to reach the future they want with their readiness they have for hope. Preparedness for hope is the perception of how these goals are achieved and their beliefs about their self efficiency their mental motivation and their abilities to reach their.خقثشقثيىثسسheir readiness they have for hope.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-The level of readiness for hope among secondary school students and their ordinary peers.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2-The statistically significant differences in the readiness of hope among secondary school students according to variables (school type, gender ,grade).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3- The statistically significant differences in the for hope and self – efficiency beliefs,mental motivation among s secondary school students according to variables (school type, gender, grade).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher adopted the following measures:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-The measure of the readiness of the hope was formed from (27) paragraph and after verifying its validity and stability using the re-test method, and has reached the coefficient of stability (0.78) Cronbachs alpha.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2-The of self-efficiency beliefs&nbsp; (Tahira 2012)consisting of (45) Paragraph, after verifying its validity and stability using the retest method , and the coefficient of stability (0.83) Cronbach s alpha.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3-The mental driving scale (Kohl 2014), consisting of(47) Paragraph, and after verifying its validity and stability using the re-test method ,and has reached the coefficient of stability (0.86) Cronbach s alpha.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The study reached the following results:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-The students of secondary school students who are outstanding and their regular peers enjoy a high level of readiness for hope ,self-efficacy beliefs and mental motivation.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2- The level of secondary school students who are outstanding students are higher than their ordinary secondary school in readiness of hope also. the level of (4<sup>th</sup>,5<sup>th</sup>)grade are higher than( 5<sup>th</sup>&nbsp; ) grade ordinary secondary schools in readiness of hope.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">3-There is no difference in statistics significance between readiness for hope and self – efficiency beliefs, mental motivation among secondary statistics according to the variables gender (male, female) (4<sup>th</sup> and 5<sup>th</sup>)grade and the type of school outstanding, ordinary) among signicance level (0.05).</p> 2018-12-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1910 The Stylish and Technical Dimensions in Temporary Assemblage Art 2018-12-30T06:47:00+00:00 Anwar Ali Alwan Qara Ghuli AnwarAli1983x@gmail.com <p>The Title: The Stylish and Technical Dimensions in Temporary Assemblage Art. This study deals with the stylish and techaical dimensions in temporary assemblage art. This study contains four chapters.Chapter one includes the problem of the research importance , objective , limitations and the terms of research.Theproblem of research deals with the stylish and technical Dimensions in tenpotary Assemblage Art through the answer of the following question :</p> <ul> <li class="show">What are the stylish and techaical dimensions in temporary assemblage art ?</li> </ul> <p>The present research has aim, namely, the introducing on the stylish and technical dimensions in temporary assemblage art.</p> <p>A regards its limits , the research is conserved in the study of stylish and techaical dimensions in temporary assemblage art from (1985 -2015) in American United States and Europe.</p> <p>Chapter two includes the theoretical law – out of the research and previous studies.</p> <p>Chapter three deals with the research procedures which includes identifying the research community which contains (75) assemblage art works , then the research instrument , research method , athetic and statistical meant , and firally the sample analysis.</p> <p>Chapter four includes the results, conclusions, recommendations and suggesting of research.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1911 Ideological Representations in Renaissance Drawings 2018-12-30T07:26:52+00:00 Mohammed Ali Ghali Ejahalimohammedal@gmail.com Wameed Sameer Hadi wameed.art.ww@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This research is concerned with the study of (ideological representations in Renaissance drawings). This research included four chapters, which included the first methodological framework of research, which is represented by the problem of research and the objective of research (known as the representations of ideology in the drawings of the European Renaissance) and the boundaries of spatial research in Europe (1450-1550). The second chapter included the theoretical framework which contained two topics, the first dealt with the "ideology", the second included "art and ideology", "humanism and the arts of the Renaissance"</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The third chapter focused on the research procedures that included the identification of the research community and the selection of the research eye of (3) oil paintings, and then the research tool in which the researcher relied on the philosophical, aesthetic and artistic indicators which he concluded within the theoretical framework. Then the researcher reviewed the research sample in which he tried to cover the aspects of the phenomenon and its dimensions and to achieve the goal of the study.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The fourth chapter contains the results, conclusions, recommendations and proposals. The researcher reached basic conclusions, among others.</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li class="show">The visual texts have been used as historical documents that bear witness to the ideological foundations of political and religious treaties.</li> <li class="show">Combining the virtual and internal dimensions of the scene and establishing a visual correlation between the realistic form and the ideological thought expressed through the forms and images, for a kind of communication between the visual and the mental of the recipient.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">The conclusions:</p> <ol> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Realistic scenes dominated the symbolic representation of ideological representation, as direct visual letters that give the recipient a great deal of understanding and clarification of the subject and make it more close and in touch with the principles of thought expressed.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">The European artist recorded his works, inspired by their themes from several sources, some contemporary and other historical, or the embodiment of religious / political events or stories of the past or mythological depth in the doctrines, and this pluralism in the subjects is a clear and direct expression of the concept of ideology according to its comprehensive definition.</li> </ol> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1912 The Means of Social Communication and its Relationship to Increase the Phenomenon of Divorce 2018-12-30T09:24:10+00:00 Zainab Falah Hassan Zainabfalah1984@yahoo.com Moheh Arak Allawi Zainabfalah1984@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The research highlights the most important problem that may be exposed to the family, namely the phenomenon of divorce and the consequent afflictions that affect the couple, the children and the society as a whole, the causes of which are multiplied according to various factors such as the psychological, social, economic and cultural factors, but the increase in the present time is worth paying attention to This phenomenon is based on a new perspective based on the impact of social life on the consequences of the technical progress that has taken place in all fields of life. The social relations and their nature have been affected after the technical development of its touches on the means of social communication. The life of happy family life The phenomenon of divorce has been exacerbated by the excessive and bad use of social media.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1914 Shakespeare's Speech and its Manifestations in the Iraqi Theater 2018-12-30T11:04:44+00:00 Shaker Abdul Al Theem Jaafar a.shaker@yahoo.com Hassan Kazem Khudair a.shaker@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Shakespeare, through his scriptural production, has prepared a format for the formation of other texts for many of the world theater writers. They are either reciting, reciting or rephrasing their theatrical texts in accordance with the contemporary requirements of the environment, society and cultural mold in which they lived. However, developments in all social revolutions have led to the development The scriptural discourse as well as theatrical presentation, especially after the official appearance of theatrical director, which is an example of the developments of the literal output, based on currents of modernity, the directors directed to hit the epic and the sanctity of theatrical text leap in the space of the draft presentation so it has emerged concepts including the text of the author and text The director, who is the text of the presentation containing his vision of the director, which made the contemporary director finds in Shakespeare's texts the play directly and live material and expressive and adapted to the social culture from which to start the establishment of theatrical play, so came the board of research in all chapters subject to the mechanism of theatrical director From the Shakespearean textbook and by bypassing the contemporary playwright himself.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1916 Attude of Al-alama Hassan Al-Mustafawi (1426 H) From the Views of his Predecessors in Linguistic Differences 2018-12-31T05:58:05+00:00 Shaalan Abd Ali Sultan Shalanabdali1980@yahoo.com Marwa Mohammad Kathem malkasm@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">When extrapolating the texts of the mark-up in his book (Inquiry into the words of the Holy Quran), it is clear that the Vacationes are based on the texts of the ancients, and on the context of the Koran in its use of the convergent words; To determine the nuances, if any, that are in contravention of the views of his predecessors and may find that&nbsp; Al-Mustafawi mentions a distinction not mentioned by his predecessors, but that does not negate the other features mentioned by the applicants; because the difference may be more than a semantic feature, and each focuses on a particular characteristic, our number is the same, and we also find that the fireplace does not declare a violation of the opinions of his predecessors but merely mentions his opinion from Du To balance his opinion with those of others, the verdict of consent and infraction is based on the balancing of MAIZEKRH and Manges by the ancients; so we don't have to mention the vacationable, but we're trying to show how he approached the opinion of the former, what he could meet with his predecessors, and the opinions that intersect with the former, which would not let Room for convergence and convergence of views.</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1917 The Architecture of Religious Bulidings in the Akkadian period 2018-12-31T06:11:46+00:00 Abbass Zueyyed Mawwan aljbooryabass@Gmial.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The religions buildings in Mesopotamia were developed with the changes of politics, society and religion. These changes played roles in defining the importance of these temples in the levels of religion and architecture. Accordingly, some temples were dedicated to tow gods or more. Some temples were more distinguished which refereed that the temple was dedicated to a major god. The differences in architecture can be ascribed to the ancient Mesopotamian religion which was based on multiplicity of gods and the status of the god to which the religious building is dedicated.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The&nbsp; present study is dedicated to studying samples of religious buildings during the Akkadian period focusing on their plans and architecture and how they were affected by the older religious buildings and the changes that took place on their architecture during this period which witnessed the coming of new people from Al-Jazera and took the raign in Mesopotamia.<strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1920 The Leader of the Total Knowledge and his Effect in the Public Administration 2019-01-02T10:23:25+00:00 Fawzi Alawi Rustum Al-tai fo540@yahoo.com Ali Naki Amiri fo540@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The leader in the science of management a major role in the success and failure, especially if the general and a public position is dangerous, must take in to, account the special characteristics of the commander if the Department is to perform its duties in an optimal manner. The first of these was that the leader was a good role model in ethics, behavior , justice, and comprehensive know ledge. He was well versed. I found that this leader ship was available in the personality of Ali (peace be upon him) when he took over the reign of the caliphate (36 – 40 AH) until he became a role model and in partic the islamic administration in the light of it is complementary and inspiring and vantage, so that people. Should work with him as a team to establish as Tate of truth justice, good and work , and some of them were wrong in behavior, out of consensus.&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1921 Grammatical Criticism of Al-Akfash Al-Awsat in His Book (Quran Meanings) 2019-01-02T11:06:25+00:00 Muna Yousif Husain Munayoussif678@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">Abstract This is a research in the Arabic grammatical lesson, which seeks to critique the grammatical sentence represented by words of names, actions and letters related to them. It was a study in the grammatical structure specified by the meaning. The words that occurred in grammatical disagreement between the grammar schools on the one hand and the readers on the other hand, The meaning behind this dispute, and the strangeness that the readers are likely not to weight, and their reference to that in what they believe of the readability on the seven or ten or more than the measurement does not follow, and this was the role of obscurity in determining what can be determined from the meanings that sometimes contradict the text of the Koran During his breach of public reading.</p> 2019-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1924 Education Technology and its Applicability in Iraqi Higher Education Institutions University of Babylon Case Study 2019-01-03T07:09:39+00:00 Marza H. H. Al Sheemry Marza19621962@Gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed at uncovering the reality of using the interactive whiteboard in the educational process, highlighting the most important features of interactive whiteboard, and identifying the obstacles faced by interactive whiteboard users. The research came out with a set of results and suggestions for activating the use of this kind of technology in the educational process. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The study reached a number of conclusions and recommendations, including:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>It was found through the results that the benefit of interactive whiteboard in the educational process is of great importance and its ability to deliver information by 93%</li> <li>Through the results, it was found that the percentage of those who proposed adding interactive whiteboards to the classrooms was 70% higher.</li> <li>The results showed that the use of interactive whiteboard (always) came in first place with 53% and came (mostly) by 28% and came third (rarely) by 19%</li> <li>It was found through the results that 76% of those who encountered difficulties while using the interactive whiteboard, which came first.</li> <li>The results showed that a large proportion of those who need training on the use of interactive whiteboard came first with 90%. &nbsp;</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">The most prominent recommendations were:</p> <ol style="text-align: justify;"> <li>Organizing the distribution of interactive whiteboard in all departments and classrooms.</li> <li>Conducting training courses on interactive whiteboard.</li> <li>Spreading the interactive whiteboard at the University of Babylon College of Basic Education to raise the level of education. The application of the interactive whiteboard in each of the halls of the Faculty of Education To improve the level of education and then expand.</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2019-01-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1925 Exclusion Concept in the Iraqi Dramatic Communication 2019-01-03T08:33:20+00:00 Aqeel Jaefer Al Waely Ageeljw12@yahoo.com Zainab Noory Khanjer zanokh@gamil.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The theater was close to the human issues of the society. It reflects the social life including social events. Many plays and scripts were in harmony with people's suffering because dramatists interested in electing titles that deal with violations, human rights, despotism and exclusion. The characters interact directly or indirectly with the play event and identify the dramatic struggle between the Despot and the marginalized person. So human suffering was a part of the literature of the global theater in general and Iraqi drama in specific. The despot person is usually a prisoner and a hostage for himself who always tries to control others and exclude some by using his own tools and behavior. The despot person likes to control others and obliged them to accept his ideas because he is selfish.</p> 2019-01-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1926 The Intellectual Contents and Social In the Film Lawrence of Arabia 2019-01-03T10:43:34+00:00 Ahmed Hussein Jassim Ahhusja90@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The intellectual and social contents in this research have gained their importance and influence here in accordance with the method of crystallization and presentation through the visual manifesto as the discourse expressing the thought of the artistic work maker and his vision and philosophy towards the various issues of society. The cinematic discourse works both in visual and audio. And indications and symbols that carry different types of readings and interpretations depending on the type of recipient and the different cultural, environmental and intellectual references has been invested that visual discourse by the directors of feature films in many different and varied ways and uses The latest film techniques in order to create more interaction and impact on the recipient and according to this premise and content, the research was divided into four chapters: The first chapter (the methodological framework), which dealt with the problem of research, which emerged with the following question: - What qualifiers can be embodied Intellectual and social implications in the film? The chapter also included the importance of research and the need for it, as well as the research objective of revealing the intellectual and social contents in the film Lawrence of Arabia. The second chapter included (the theoretical framework), which included three topics: the first topic: the intellectual and social implications in the novel, The third part is: The role of cinematic elements in enriching the content. The researcher came out of the theoretical framework with indicators that were adopted to analyze the sample of the research, which was embodied in the film Lawrence of Arabia, which was directed by British David Lynn, which was produced in 1962. The most important results are: Constructing the image form through its various formulations of the technical elements in the creation of the intellectual contents, values ​​and socialities and communicating them to the recipient. Secondly, the Arab costume represents its artistic characteristics through the style of its style And its form and place in the personality plays an important and prominent role in the manifestation and realization of the intellectual and social contents. The most important conclusions first: that the film depends on the composition of the image based on the basic basis in the realization of multiple contents and their embodiment; Second: the artist may use more than one form In the picture narrative to express the importance of the environment and its nature in highlighting the different content in the film and finally the list of sources.</p> 2019-01-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1927 The Reality of Educational Art in the Primary Schools From the Teachers' View in Babylon Governorate 2019-01-05T09:17:07+00:00 Osamah Adnan Ali Aljebory_2005@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This modest effort, which sheds light on the reality of the lesson of art education in the primary schools of the province of Babylon, represents a modest contribution when compared to the great educational role entrusted to the teacher of art education, especially that there is integration in the educational objectives of all subjects, in building an integrated personality of the student to be An active and useful element of society.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Art has a high value as it is for mathematics and science because it has a strong connection to education. When people taste and understand art, it becomes an education in itself, and education when it achieves its goals and leads its mission becomes an art.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The artist designs his ideas from raw materials such as clay, dyes, wood or musical melodies. However, the educator as an artist designs his ideas, but his human nature constitutes his habits, beliefs and types of responses. He builds his tendencies and expands in the circle of his awareness and creation of a socially conscious person with his responsibilities and duties. The teacher of art education is an artist, but an art connoisseur.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">And the importance of the lesson of art education, it is necessary to study the reality of this lesson by identifying the views of those who are trained by the educational family to promote it and overcome the difficulties facing them and address the relevant bodies to follow up the results that resulted from this study.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This research consists of four chapters, including the first chapter:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The problem of research, the importance of research and the need for it, the goal and limits of research.<br> The second chapter dealt with the theoretical framework with two subjects: art, the environment, and the psychology of children's drawings.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The third chapter includes research procedures in terms of the sample of the research and its tools and the statistical means used in it.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The fourth chapter dealt with the findings, conclusions, recommendations and suggestions in the light of the findings of the researcher's research.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">It is my great hope that this research will add new enrichments in the development of the educational process through the recognition of the real reality of the lesson of art education and identifying the imbalances to be overcome in order to serve the educational process in our new Iraq.</p> 2019-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1928 The Reality of Educational Art in the Primary Schools From the Teachers' View in Babylon Governorate 2019-01-05T09:51:12+00:00 Osamah Adnan Ali Aljebory_2005@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This modest effort, which sheds light on the reality of the lesson of art education in the primary schools of the province of Babylon, represents a modest contribution when compared to the great educational role entrusted to the teacher of art education, especially that there is integration in the educational objectives of all subjects, in building an integrated personality of the student to be An active and useful element of society.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Art has a high value as it is for mathematics and science because it has a strong connection to education. When people taste and understand art, it becomes an education in itself, and education when it achieves its goals and leads its mission becomes an art.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The artist designs his ideas from raw materials such as clay, dyes, wood or musical melodies. However, the educator as an artist designs his ideas, but his human nature constitutes his habits, beliefs and types of responses. He builds his tendencies and expands in the circle of his awareness and creation of a socially conscious person with his responsibilities and duties. The teacher of art education is an artist, but an art connoisseur.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">And the importance of the lesson of art education, it is necessary to study the reality of this lesson by identifying the views of those who are trained by the educational family to promote it and overcome the difficulties facing them and address the relevant bodies to follow up the results that resulted from this study.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This research consists of four chapters, including the first chapter:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The problem of research, the importance of research and the need for it, the goal and limits of research.<br> The second chapter dealt with the theoretical framework with two subjects: art, the environment, and the psychology of children's drawings.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The third chapter includes research procedures in terms of the sample of the research and its tools and the statistical means used in it.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The fourth chapter dealt with the findings, conclusions, recommendations and suggestions in the light of the findings of the researcher's research.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">It is my great hope that this research will add new enrichments in the development of the educational process through the recognition of the real reality of the lesson of art education and identifying the imbalances to be overcome in order to serve the educational process in our new Iraq.</p> 2019-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1929 The Constructions of Abstract Quadrilateral Verb and More in the Book of the Secret Industry Expressions of Ibn Jinni (Died:392H) 2019-01-05T17:12:38+00:00 Aseel Abd AIhusein Humeidi hum.aseel.abd@uobabylon.edu.iq Aseel Adnan Noory mar7223396@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this research is to indicate what the abstract verb is, what its constructions agreed upon by the morphological, and to mention the types of the abstract verbs: (multiplier, non-multiplier, generator, and sculpture), the constructions attached to it, the methods of deriving it, the meanings that it shows, and then the display of what the Ibn Jinni The actions of the quartet abstract verbs mentioned and what was added to them in his book " secrets&nbsp; of expression industry " , as well as the statement of what is the more quadrilateral, and what its types (with one letter, with two characters), the constructions already attached to the quartet verb and then view what the Ibn Jinni mentioned of the quartet verbs and what was added in his book.</p> 2019-01-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1940 Characteristics of Jurisprudential Iinterpretation of the Jurisprudence of Sheikh Mohammed Baqir Irwani 2019-01-16T09:48:29+00:00 Jabbar Kazem Al Mulla dralmola55@yahoo.com Nour Al - Huda Mohsen Badr dralmola55@yahoo.com <p>The innovative projects that have emerged in the educational curricula within the range of Jurisprudence Interpretation, a new experience of Sheikh Mohammed Baqir Al-Irwani, included in his book (introductory lessons in the interpretation of the adjudication verses). This book is considered a new work, similar to the book of (Wassa’l Al-Shiia), but it deals with the adjudication verses. This book is divided into chapters similar to the chapters of (Wassa’l Al-Shiia), and the verses associated with this chapter were written under title of the chapter , In order to help the jurist to devise and reduce his effort.</p> <p>New features can be seen in his workbook: Classification, method, manner, thought. The chapters of the book were traditionally divided (The quadruple division), acts of worship, contracts, rhythm, ordinance (special meaning) the author added other titles in different chapters.</p> <p>The author used his own approach on the verses of the judgments, and he has classified the verses and explained them in their order in the books of jurisprudence, he also tried to divide the single verse under multiple headings and not to collect their research in one place.</p> <p>His manner is very clear, his phrases are free of complexity and vague pronouns, The author used numbering, enumeration and division to sort information, Which led to increased clarity, and served the educational goal of the book.</p> <p>The author has an illuminating mind, he has experience in developing the curriculum of the Hawza by his works for this aim, and he used in his experience ease of show, introduced new methods of inference</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1941 The Verbal in AL- Anfal Surah Criculation Reading 2019-01-16T10:09:00+00:00 Hussein Jaafer Aubeid mojtb471@gamil.com <p>The linguistic lesson of deliberation has determined that the analysis of the verbal event has gone beyond dealing with traditional linguistic components to non-linguistic elements (rhetorical, behavioral, social, intellectual, and ideological). Hence, The wall of jihad and the many acts of demand that urge jihad and the need to adhere to the limits of God Almighty.</p> <p>The research also investigates the structure of verbal action in the light of the Qur'anic text, its components, its types, purposes, and levels, and attempts to show that deliberation is concerned with studying the language in light of its use, without neglecting the meaning that is determined in the context of the context. The research revealed that most of the verses of the Anfal were received for the purpose of intimidation, intimidation, intimidation, fear and fear. Moreover, many verses were mentioned in a context whose purpose was to encourage piety and obedience and reach the highest level of piety and goodness and obedience to Allah and His Messenger.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1943 Towards a National System of Economic Intelligence in Algeria: An Analysis of Reality, Efforts, and Obstacles 2019-01-16T10:39:29+00:00 Aboubaker Khoualed Khoualed_aboubaker@yahoo.com <p>This study aims at displaying the importance of establishing an effective national system for economic intelligence in Algeria. To achieve the previous objective, the researcher used the descriptive analytical approach discussing several points; most notably, the need to adopt the economic intelligence in Algeria, the efforts of the Algerian Government to establish a national system of economic intelligence, and the obstacles to the establishment of an effective national economic intelligence system in Algeria. This study finally reached a fundamental result that proved the failure of adopting the economic intelligence both at the macro (state) and the micro-level (economic institutions). There fore, this study recommended the need to activate the role of the government to make the exercise of the economic intelligence in Algeria more successful through three main axes: Adopting effective strategies, Accompanying economic institutions, and Spreading the culture of economic intelligence in society.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1947 The Crime of Assaults on the Websites 2019-01-17T07:26:04+00:00 Dalal Lateef M. Al-zuabidi Dr.dalal_alzuabidi@yahoo.com <p style="text-align: justify;">A website defined as a collection of pages, images, videos and texts on the Internet, which are interconnected and interacting with each other via the computer loaded onto it. Each website has its own specific address that contains a main page that contains - at the same time - other sub-pages.The website consists of three parts, where the first part is called - which is symbolized by: (http:hwww) - in the Internet, the second part is called the domain, which is a name indicating the content of the site or the name of the owner of the site, and be in the form of letters - or numbers - have a specific meaning, and finally the third part, which is called extension - through which we can know the nature of the activity of the website, such as a commercial site or government or other concern the type. It is divided into two types, the first is called (fixed website) and the second is called (animated website), for the first type, it includes images and texts, as well as textual displays that may be fixed or animated. One of the advantages of this site is the inability to change existing data because it does not contain an updated database. The second type - which includes animated websites - is more sophisticated, compared to fixed Website. As it allows the addition, deletion and modification of images and text in its pages - easily - by the administrator of the site, without limitation to a specific time or several times, to contain these sites on an updated database ,Despite the fact that the Internet has played a major role in the dissemination of information in the world through various communication methods, including websites, but it is not without negatives, especially the emergence of new types of crimes called electronic crimes or information crimes (cyber-crimes), which constitute a violation of the rights of individuals and in various fields, including the offense of attacking the website through the behavior of unauthorized access, or without the right of the website to achieve the result of a particular offense, such changing the site, cancellation or destruction or modification of its contents, or Impersonating the site or impersonating its owner.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1948 The Role of the Family in the Development of Environmental Values Among Children 2019-01-17T08:00:45+00:00 Samia Ibriam ibriam_samia@yahoo.fr <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;The environment is one of the most important topics that need to be explored. The development of the environmental values of the society is necessary in light of the spread of environmental risks and problems. The family is one of the first social development institutions entrusted with the development of the latter. Since childhood, his personality has been formed carrying a range of values including environmental values.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article aims to examine the role of the family in the development and promotion of children's environmental values.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1949 Developing Higher –order Thinking Skills in Teaching and Assessing English as a Foreign Language at the University Level. 2019-01-17T08:09:19+00:00 Ghusoon Mahdi Mahlol info@qu.Edu.Iq <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aims at investigating the emphasis on higher-order thinking skills by university instructors in teaching and assessment of English as a foreign language, at the same time it aims at discovering the students' attitude (positive/negative) to higher-order thinking skills at the Department of English, College of Education, University of Al Qadisiyah .In order to achieve the aims of the study one questionnaire is directed to (24) university instructors and another questionnaire is directed to (60)students, at the university level, in addition to the analysis of (100) questions constructed by the same instructors according to Bloom's(1956)classification of thinking skills. The results obtained indicate that university instructors emphasize the use of higher-order thinking skills in teaching and assessment of English as a foreign language, but they avoid the use of two skills when they test the students,namely,synthesis and evaluation because they think that such skills could be difficult for the students.It is also indicated that the students have a positive attitude to higher-order thinking skills.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1954 Alexander Michael Gorchakov (1798-1883) and its Effect on Russian Policy 2019-01-21T06:34:04+00:00 Nadia Jasem Kadhim Al-Shammari Dr.nadia@uobabylon.edu.iq Oday Mohammed Kadhum Dr.nadia@uobabylon.edu.iq <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The study explaind that Gorczakov made a policy of his own, not relying on the legacy of his political family, but imposing himself on the political scene in Russia through his views and discussions at the conferences held during his tenure as Russian foreign minister and his Political speeches, which were impressive and increase his Political influence day after day Between the masters of politics, and what we see launched a violent attack on its enemies in defense of his Russia, which has all the sincerity and managed to manage the affairs of foreign Russia in the most difficult circumstances that is the escalation of the Balkan crisis in the second half of the nineteenth century, Russia's Russian Politicians and the Russian people realized that Gorchakov, the best man who ran Russia's wartime affairs, was a man who was both fascinated by the romance and horrors of war and did not believe in surrender because he believed that compromises must take place from strength. Achieved only with full victory.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1955 Interpretation of Receiving the Theatrical Sign 2019-01-21T06:38:54+00:00 Alaa jabbar mashkoor aalfrayji@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">The theater is a large signatory system, where it broadcasts many different signs (audio, visual, and olfactory). It includes multiple concepts, diverse visions and many cultures. These marks have a functional and aesthetic dimension. The theater communicates its idea to the recipient through several types of signs Symbolic, symbolic), which carries many indications, including what is direct, including what is indirect. All of this is done through the cinemographic format of the presentation. These marks are based on patterns and systems in which reception and interpretation play a prominent role in completing the communication process. The research came to study how to interpret the signs of the play by the receiver?</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1965 Controls of the Legislative Miracle in the Nodal Side 2019-01-28T10:45:16+00:00 Mohamed Taleb Madloul Al- Husseini Dr.mohammedtalib@yahoo.com Naba Mohammed Hamza Al-Khafaji Nabaalkafaji.la93@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This study is one of the most important studies in the field of Quranic miracles and especially the legislative ones. It is possible for the researcher in Qur'anic studies to know the rules that govern and prove to him that the miracle of the Qur'an is legislative in terms of the doctrinal provisiond.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This study can be summarized as giving the status of human instinct and the nature of the moral structure of human beings to take into consideration when the legislation of the laws and provisions of the decade in the holy century , and thus became the doctrine of monotheism and a doctrine of miracle, and added to the continuity and the past, wich has become important in contemporary Islamic thought, the correct doctrine and true worship have a great impact on the building of the Muslim; for their association with the human soul and its innate nature.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This study revealed the disciplines of the Miracilous Doctrine, and thus we began to divide the research into four investigations, paving the way for a formal approach in the title of the research, and then the detective to the controls of the legislative miracle in the nodal side.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research concluded several results, the most&nbsp; important of which seemed to us that the laws of the previous and copied, it is a broad and dominant law, and this confirms that the legislation in the Koran is complete and comprehensive life rules and comprehensive provisions and references to the sources of other legishation.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">These rules are inseparable from the fundamentals of the Islamic religion. They are inherent to them and an important condition that requires certainty in embracing them, because they convey tranquility.</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1979 Internet Usage in the University Medium and its Future Prospects (Field Study on a Sample of Students of the University of Babylon) 2019-01-28T11:02:01+00:00 Qasim Alsadie Qasimalsadie16@gmail.com Hatem Al shmaree atemalshmaree@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">This study deals with one of the most important aspects of the communication technology development which is spreading at an amazing speed, namely the Internet and the importance of its use as an effective future weapon that is important to influence the public opinion, especially the university students who are the backbone of society. The task at the educational and educational level in the field of media.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In this field, the study went on to formulate a set of questions in a specific questionnaire to identify the patterns, habits and nature of students' use of the Internet, especially the means of digital communication and the purpose of these uses, and then to identify the most important problems and obstacles as a result of this exposure and to point out the negatives and positives from their point of view This use of the change in the cultural and scientific level of university students, and the detection of skills gained or lost during the use of students to the Internet, and finally to identify the sites and forums and search engines that are exposed to university students taking into account some of the change (Type, academic specialization) and its relationship to Internet usage.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBH/article/view/1980 The Expressive Function of Music and Sound Effects in the Iraqi Cinematic Movie 2019-01-28T11:22:58+00:00 Anies Hamood Miadedi anieshamood1@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Since The beginning seem clear The use of music and sound effects with Movie was his Role functionally Great In expressing emotions. Through the ability to stir emotions and create different situations From the psychological feelings the spectator, This effect will confer on the scene and the event a higher meaning, The picture match the truth, And achieve what cannot express the characters, In emphasizing the character of the Movie and the composition of its structural unit, And there is no longer a Movie free of music or sound effects, Became effective for any visible image, Therefore, the researcher chose the subject of his research, (The Expressive Function of Music and Sound Effects in the Iraqi Cinematic Movie).&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Accordingly the research was divided into four chapters: It included the first chapter of the frame Methodical Search research problem centered in the following question: What is the Expressive Function of Music and Sound Effects in the Iraqi Cinematic Movie?, And the importance of research focused on highlighting one of the important elements, Which directs the viewer's feelings, Fit with cinematic picture, Determining the goal of research in detecting The Expressive Function of Music and Sound Effects in the Iraqi Cinematic Movie, This chapter also includes the boundaries of the research that were established in the year 2018 and the Movies that were presented at the 5th Babylon International Movie Festival. The terms were defined and defined in terms of terminology and procedure.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; .&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The second chapter consisted of two sections, Contain the theoretical framework developed the music of In Movies silent and speaking, The second section included writing music Second and The sound effects in the cinema, The chapter concluded with the indicators that emerged from the theoretical framework, The third chapter, which included the research procedures, in which the research community was identified It consists of(eighteen) Movies The research sample was extracted, which included three Movies, They (the Wall, Violet and DNA) The Chapter four contains the search results with the following results:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1-Movie music is an effective and fundamental element in the Movie from beginning to end And contribute to linking the dramatic scenes and works to integrate the unity of content.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">2-Music and sound effects can work on the mood of the spectator between joy or Sadness or anxiety, and the two cannot be excluded in deepening the sense of the dramatic even, As this chapter contains some of the conclusions reached in And then develop recommendations and proposals stemming from the research objective addition to the sources.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##