JOURNAL OF UNIVERSITY OF BABYLON for pure and applied sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>OURNAL of <strong>U</strong>NIVERSITY of <strong>B</strong>ABYLON for Pure and Applied Sciences, (<span style="color: rgb(0, 128, 0);"><strong>JUBPAS</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon for Pure and Applied Sciences in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBPAS</strong> is a scientific peer-reviewed open access journal monthly publishing high-quality research and review papers at the forefront of modern research describing significant developments in&nbsp;Pure and Applied Sciences.</span></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Online ISSN:&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: rgb(51, 102, 255);"><strong>2312-8135</strong></span></a></span></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Print ISSN:&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: rgb(51, 102, 255);"><strong>1992-0652</strong></span></a></span></p> en-US (Prof. Dr. Wesam Bhaya) (information) Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The Role of Mathematical Programming in Rationalizing Optimization Decisions for Machinery and Equipment within the Work Order System: Applied Study in The Ready-Made Men's Clothing Factory in Najaf <div style="text-align: justify;">This research aims to forward the role of mathematical programming in rationalizing the decisions of optimum utilization of machines and equipment within the work order system. The necessity of the basic production requirements (machinery and equipment, raw materials and other materials) Is one of the core tasks of operations management, in order to ensure the continuity of the process Productivity, The men's clothing factory was selected in Najaf with all its basic production units and assistance. The research is based on a number of conclusions, namely, the possibility of applying mathematical programming in dealing with the problems of operations management, in particular the process of using machinery and equipment in the production process to achieve The study concluded with a number of recommendations as follows: 1 &nbsp;the need to adopt dynamic programming in the organization sample study in order to optimize them and achieve the target resources 2- &nbsp;The management of the ready-made clothing factory can not rely on the method of intuition or guessing or on previous experience. Rather, it is necessary to adopt the quantitative approach in rationalizing decisions regarding the use of machinery and equipment or replacements and replacements.</div> Azhar Murad Uja ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Study the Effect of Cold Water Extracts of Petroselinum crispum Leaves on Culex pipiens Instars <p>This study aimed to know the effect of different concentrations of cold water extract of <em>Petroselinum crispum</em> leaves on <em>Culex pipiens </em>instars and find the half lethal concentration (LC<sub>50</sub>). The results showed that the third instar of <em>C. pipiens</em> was more effective by cold water extract than first, second, and the fourth instar after 24 hours from exposure to different concentrations (250, 300, 350, 400) mg/l. Results appeared that the percentage of mortalities after 24 hours from exposure to cold water extracts were (37, 44, 67, 85) %, (26, 41, 67, 78) %, (42, 65, 77, 92) % and (16, 32, 52, 89) % with LC<sub>50 </sub>(300), (319), (267) and (333) mg/l for first, second, third, and fourth instar of <em>C. pipiens</em> respectively. Also, the results didn’t show a significant differentiation in a level of probability 0.05, but appeared positive correlation coefficient between the percentage of mortalities and the concentrations, and the negative correlation coefficient between the percentage of survival and the concentrations. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> May Hameed Mohammad AL-Dehamee ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Saline Irrigation Water and Organic Waste Quality on Some Growth and Yield Parameters of Barley <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Field experiment was conducted in Al-Yosfia region at 2016-2017 in loamy soil to investigate the effect of three levels of saline water (River water, drainage water 4.3 dS.m<sup>-1</sup>, and drainage water 7.2 dS.m<sup>-1</sup>) and three types of analytical organic fertilizer (Poultry waste ,cow waste, and Ground corn cobs) with 12 ton.h<sup>-1</sup> and their interaction on some growth and yield parameters of Barley Al-Warkaa Var., the experiment at RCBD with three replicates using LSD test at 5% to compare between parameter means.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that when using saline irrigation water, the values of growth and yield parameter decrease while organic waste reduces the negative effect of saline irrigation water, the poultry waste gave the significant increase of parameter values followed by cow waste then ground corn cobs. The interaction between (Poultry waste and&nbsp;river water) gave higher means to plant height, vegetative dry matter, leaf area, chlorophyll content, No. of spike.m<sup>-2</sup> , No. of seeds per spike, the weight of 1000 seeds, total seeds yield, biological yield, and harvesting index. The value was 98.4 cm , 17.4 g, 27.4 cm<sup>2</sup> , 51.2 spads, 332.6 spikes.m<sup>2</sup> , 38.2 seed per spike, 38.2 g , 4.853 ton.h<sup>-1</sup>, 15.423 ton.h<sup>-1</sup> , and 31.47% respectively.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sabah Lateef Asi, Mohammed Tarkhan Abo – Almeekh, Hammed Kadhum Abd – Al Ameer ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Age in the Shape of the Spermatozoa Frozen Friesian Bulls <p style="text-align: justify;">This study was aimed to determine whether there are any differences in the shape and dimensions of bulls sperm using different ages, as well as to know the maturity of the sperm, then choose the bull for insemination or to freeze the taken semen to be used in artificial insemination. Now a day become morphology shape for sperm important item in the valuation of the semen and chose the best normal sperm whence dimension and shape. Methods were used and bulls were classified by age into three groups, the first group includes 4 bulls aged 2-4 years, the second group includes 4 bulls 4-6 years old, the third group includes 4 bulls 6-8 years old. Semen of each group was taken randomly and the mature and intact semen were examined. The results were revealed that the highest value of head’s length (6-8 years category) was (8.20), while for 4-2 years category was the least (7.81). For the width, the third category was recorded the highest (4.51) along with the other. The Ellipticity inducts that 4-2 years group was the highest value (1.85), while for elongation character the 2-4 years group was the highest with (0.3) compared with the other.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; It can be concluded our study in the current to the next score whenever the bull offers in the form of life has become the best sperm beltala can choose sperm in the freezer.</p> Makki Khalaf Hussain Al-Dulaimi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Molecular Diagnosis in Differentiating Active and Inactive Forms of Hepatitis B Virus Carriers <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Background &amp; objectives:</strong> Introducing a nucleic acid test program is aimed to diagnose and reduces the risk of viral infection or transmission. DNA assay for HBV can detect infection in the windows period, chronic occult infection and can discriminate between active and inactive HBV infection. This cross-sectional study designed to diagnose, analyze HBV infection and to differentiate active from inactive infection based on viral DNA detection. <strong>Methods</strong>: Blood samples were collected from 256 patients previously diagnosed on the clinical ground as hepatitis B seropositive in Erbil Central Lab. The viral nucleic acid quantitative assessment was done for the collected samples using RT-PCR. Q-square was performed for statistical analysis. <strong>Results</strong>: Out of 256 collected blood samples 93 (36.3%) showed HBV-DNA positive titers above 50 IU/ml. Among positive subjects, 67 (72.04%) was categorized as inactive carriers (˂ 2000-20.000 IU/ml HBV-DNA titers). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> The data produced from this study confirmed the importance of the RT-PCR technique in sensitivity and reliability as a superior diagnostics tool specifically in differentiating active from inactive HBV carriers.</p> Salah Tofik Jalal Balaky, Saeed Ghulam Hussain, Amer Ali Khaleel, Furat Tahseen Sabeer, Ahang Hasan Mawlood ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 21 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of some Plant Extracts on the Control of Bacteria Isolated from the Iraqi Currency <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This research was conducted at the technical institute Babylon/ department of community health /medical microbiology lab, to evaluate the efficiency of some plant extract in order on bacterial inhibition which was not recorded the bacteria which isolated from the money.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that the extract of the hot water for the plant black pill has a high efficiency in the inhibition of bacteria on nutrient agar at the concentration of the following 25-50-75-100 mg/ml, respectively.They were given of inhibition 33.3 mm, 41.6 mm, 66.6 mm, 91.6 mm. Respectively which is compared with a hot water extract of the plant of castor beans which not record any inhibition of the bacteria.</p> Khelood Abd Al-Majeed Mohammed Jafer ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Association of Human Cytomegalovirus Infection of Male Genital Tract and Male Infertility <p><strong>Background:</strong> The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widely distributed virus among humans and is included within the sexually transmitted viruses. Because of its low detection rate in semen, the impact of HCMV on sperm formation and its vertical transmission within the sperm cells have not been studied sufficiently.<strong> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> To investigate the association of viral infections present in the lower genital tract of males and relationship among males infertility.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: ELISA and RT-PCR technique of 100 semen and serum specimens, collected over 8 months from males investigated for infertility, were retrospectively assessed, by screening anti-human Herpes Simplex Virus (HCMV) IgM and IgG in the serum and detection of HSV DNA in seminal fluid. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: One hundred seminal fluid and blood samples were taken from men and investigated for infertility over a period of 8 months from July 2016 to February 2017. The seminal fluids and serum of patients mentioned to the laboratory from the fertility clinics of Kamal AL-samarai hospital and outer clinics. The investigations were conducted to find the HCMV detection rate in the seminal fluid of infertile men and to evaluate the impact of the viral infection on the major sperm parameters. Blood and seminal fluid were collected from 100 infertile males. The results were shown that 24/100 (24.0%) were positive for IgM and 86/100 (86.0%) were positive for IgG of HCMV. In case of the control group, results were (1.0%) positive for anti-HCMV IgM antibodies, while (20.0%) positive for anti-HCMV IgG antibodies in a control group, using ELISA test.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;The PCR showed that out of 100 samples 24 (24.0%) gave positive results for HCMV patients, while 7 (7.0%) positive for HCMV in the control group.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Using sensitive procedures for assays, seminal samples of asymptomatic infertile patients showed an unexpectedly high incidence of the sexually transmitted pathogens.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> Ahmed Sahib Abdulamir, Salah Mahdi hassen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of Exclusive Breast Feeding in Premature and Low Birth Weight Infants Less than Six Months of Age in Hillah City Babylon Province <p style="direction: ltr; text-align: justify;">A hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the prevalence of exclusive breast feeding in premature and low birth weight infants. The study included 200 infants in Hillah city Babylon Province, whose&nbsp; ages were less than six months. Catchments of these infants was&nbsp; in the neonatal /special care baby units and the general wards in both Hillah General Teaching Hospital and Babil Maternity Teaching Hospital in Babylon Governorate during the period from the first of January 2018 till the end of March 2018.</p> <p style="direction: ltr; text-align: justify;">The infants’ &nbsp;mothers came from mixed urban and rural backgrounds. Socio –demographic variables related to infants and their mothers’ obstetric data were recorded. Neonatal data was extracted from the medical records of the labor and neonatal care wards. The study included mothers of all ages, one in six of whom (16%) were teenagers&nbsp; marrying at a&nbsp; young age.52% of the older respondents reported being married during their teenage years. Since all the babies included in the study were either preterm or low birth weight, the mean birth weight&nbsp; was (1894.00±464.15) gm (LBW) and the mean gestational age was (34.42±2.84) weeks (preterm).The study outlined three main groups of reasons in order of frequency for quitting exclusive breast feeding, the first group involved the following reasons (milk was of poor quality, breast milk causes&nbsp; jaundice or diarrhea or a previous child didn't thrive on breast feeding) (53.7%), the second group covered reasons related to (advice from doctor/medical staff, or non-medically qualified&nbsp; person) (22%)and the &nbsp;third group was because of&nbsp; (LBW and prematurity per se)(14.6%).</p> <p style="direction: ltr; text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Sijal Fadhil Farhood Makki, Ihab Raad Abbas Abid Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of New Hydantoin Derivative (Compound) on Acinetobacter baumannii Biofilm Formation Isolated from Clinical Sources <p style="text-align: justify;">Completely 538 clinical specimens of blood, wounds, burns, sputum, and urine were included in this study which was carried out in 4 hospitals. The isolation and diagnosis of fifty-two <em>Acinetobacter baumannii</em> isolate 36.54% from blood specimens, whereas wounds specimens constituted 23.08%, burns specimens achieved 17.31%, sputum specimens formed 13.46% and a low percentage was in urine specimens which accomplished 9.62 %. Totally isolates of bacteria were identified via the biochemical, cultural and microbial characteristics and confirmed via VITEK 2 Compact system. It was found that all (100%) of bacteria isolates were resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and Cefepime, while Imipenem and Meropenem were the most effective antibiotics. The isolates showed the ability of biofilm production by Microtitration plates method (M.T.P), from the total number (52) isolate tested for biofilm formation,(33) were producers,&nbsp; as strong biofilm producers were (15) 45.46 % and (18)54.54% moderate while (19) 36.53% isolates were measured as none or weak producers of biofilm. MIC for new hydantoin derivative (C<sub>11</sub>H<sub>11</sub>N<sub>3</sub>O<sub>2</sub>S) was determined against fifteen isolates were active in MIC values equal to 250mg/ml gave (9) <em>A. baumannii</em> isolates, while in MIC, values equal to 125mg/ml gave (6) isolates.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The results showed the inhibitory effect of the hydantoin compound on biofilm formation for 15 bacterial isolates used in this study with a variable inhibitory effect on bacterial isolates ranged from 79.72% to 98.85%. The highest inhibitory effect percentage is (98.85%).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Ihsan Ali Raheem, Suzan Saadi Hussain, Rajwa Hasan Essa, Abdul-Jabar Kh. Atia ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Functional Alienation in Organizational Stability Analytical study in the Ready - Wear Factory in Najaf <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this research is to determine the effect of functional expatriation on its indicators (disability, illiteracy, and immorality) on organizational stability with its indicators (commitment, satisfaction, loyalty), in addition to determining whether there are significant differences in the responses of workers in the ready-made garment factory in Najaf.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The research community consisted of individuals working in the garment factory in Najaf (142) workers. The research sample was selected by random stratified method (75). The research was based on analytical descriptive method. The second part was based on a questionnaire developed and developed to measure the objectives of the research and hypothesis testing. It consisted of two parts representing the first part in the functional expatriation with its indicators, while the second part contains organizational stability with its indicators. SPSS was used in the analysis of data using the statistical package program For social science. The researcher concluded that the workers in the ready-made garment factory in Najaf suffer from a sense of expatriation, and that the most common manifestations of expatriation are the deficit followed by the non-exclusivity And then inconsequential. The researcher also presented a number of suggestions on the management of the plant, the most important of which was: attention to the design and internal arrangement of the building of the research plant in accordance with the nature of the products produced, which reduces the phenomenon of expatriation of employees</p> Amoudah Obead Hussain ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Quitting Breastfeeding Very Early after Caesarean Section-A Worrying Trend in Babylon Province <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp; A cross-sectional study was conducted in&nbsp; Al-Hilla City, Babylon Province, Iraq, of 300 women who gave birth via Cesarean section at the two main maternity surgical wards in the city from a period from 1st &nbsp;of December 2017 to 15<sup>th</sup> of March, 2018.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The mothers came from mixed urban and rural backgrounds. Socio-demographic and obstetric data were recorded. Neonatal data were extracted from the medical records of the labor and neonatal care wards. The study included mothers of all ages, one fifth (23%) of whom were teenagers and minors marrying at a very young age (31%). Unfortunately (64%) had poor or negative attitudes to breastfeeding. Lack of motivation and self-confidence are also major reasons for very early cessation of breastfeeding. This study cited that the Cesarean section per se is a major cause of quitting natural feeding. The patients were influenced by advice from not only close relatives but also doctors and health personnel after the Caesarean section.&nbsp;</p> Sijal Fadhil Farhood, Ihab Raad Abbas, Usama Harba ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Applying the Pioneer Organization Dimensions in Reducing Pollution in Small and Medium Enterprises Applied Study in Oasis (Al Waha) Company for Soft Drinks <p style="text-align: justify;">The study deals with the application the dimensions of the pioneer organization, which included: (creative career, pioneering employee, entrepreneurial culture, flexible organizational structure), and its impact on environmental protection from pollution. The research sought to achieve a set of objectives, including the possibility of diagnosing the role played by the pioneer organization in preserving the environment and protecting it from pollution, and the research problem started with the company in question, which gave great importance to the dimensions of pioneering and its application in its work and raising the possibilities and capabilities available to achieve the pioneering dimensions. The research community consisted of (30) individuals, the questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting statistical data that was analyzed using the statistical program (SPSS). The research was based on a set of hypotheses to study the effect of the dimensions of the independent variable (the dimensions of the pioneering organization) on the dependent variable (pollution). The research was based on a descriptive statistics method (arithmetic mean, standard deviation ...); the research reached a number of conclusions:</p> <ol> <li style="text-align: justify;">The existence of a relationship between the two variables, the dimensions of the pioneering organization and the entrepreneurial environment in the company.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">High level of interest of the company in the dimensions of the pioneering organization in the company.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">The researchers recommended a set of recommendations, including the need to give great attention to the application of the dimensions of the pioneering organization, to its impact in protecting the working environment from pollution.</li> </ol> Thanaa Abd AlKareen Abd AlRaheem, Qaies Majeed Alwash ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Using of PCA, Wavelet and GLCM In Face Recognition System, A Comparative Study <p style="text-align: justify;">The process of data dimension reduction plays an important role in any&nbsp; face recognition system because many of these data are repetitive and irrelevant and this cause a problem in applications of data mining and learning the machine. The main purpose is to improve the performance of recognition by eliminating repetitive features.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In this research, a number of data reduction techniques were used like: Principal Component Analysis, Gray-Level Co-occurrence Matrix and Discrete Wavelet Transform for extracting the most important features from the images of persons. A different number of training and testing images were used to compare the performance of each of the techniques above in the recognition process. Euclidean distance scale was used to get results.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Manar Abdulkaream Al-Abaji, Meaad Mohammed Salih ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Nigella sative Extract on the Fungi that Isolated from Desktop's of the Tables <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The study&nbsp; included the isolation and diagnosis of the fungi from the Desktop's of the tables&nbsp; (instructers ,medical laboratories). The study appeared many of the different kinds of fungi<em>:(Absidia sp,Candidia sp, Aspergillus&nbsp; sp,Penicillum&nbsp; sp and Alternaria sp)</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The&nbsp; rate of appearance of the type of the fungi&nbsp; in Desktop's of the tables instructers&nbsp;&nbsp; is the higher than the Desktop's of the tables of the medical laboratories .</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The rate of appearance of the fungi&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Candidia</em> is recoded 36.8% and <em>Penicillum sp,Aspergillus</em> <em>niger</em>&nbsp; is recoded 21.05% and <em>Aspergillus flavus</em> recoded 5.2 %, <em>Abisidia</em> sp recoded&nbsp; 15.7%.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;While&nbsp; in the Desktop's of the tables medical laboratories&nbsp; the fungi <em>Aspergillus&nbsp; terrus </em>is recorded 15.7% and the fungi&nbsp; <em>Absidia ,Candidia</em>,<em> Apergillus niger</em> is recoded 20% <em>, Penicillum</em> sp <em>,Alternaria</em> sp is recoded&nbsp; 10%.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The study&nbsp; showed&nbsp; the influence&nbsp; of the hot&nbsp;&nbsp; water&nbsp; extract&nbsp; of&nbsp;&nbsp; the <em>Nigella sative</em> the concentration which is used(10,20,30, 40) mg /ml on some of fungi.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The rate of reduction is appeared 100% of the&nbsp; fungi <em>Penicillum sp </em>in the concentration (30,40) mg/ml and&nbsp; the&nbsp; range of the diameter colony of the yeast <em>Candidia&nbsp; albicanis i</em>n the concentration 30 mg/ml the (1)cm.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;While the fungi <em>Aspergillus&nbsp; niger </em>in the concentration (10,20)mg/ml is given resistance toward the extract 2.</p> Duaa Hassan Hadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Modern Information Systems on Achieving Organizational Justice Analytical Study in the Central Euphrates Electricity Department/ Babylon Branch <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study is to determine the role of modern information systems (software, networks, human resources) in achieving organizational justice (distributive, procedural, transactions).</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In addition to the detection of the existence of significant differences in the answers of workers in the Central Euphrates Electricity Department / Babylon Branch.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;The research community is one of the 1032 workers working in the Central Euphrates Electricity Department/ Babel electricity department. The research sample was selected by random stratified method (102). The research was based on analytical descriptive method. Field data collection was conducted through a questionnaire developed and developed to measure research objectives and hypothesis testing. It consisted of two parts, the first part of which was represented in modern information systems, the second part included organizational justice, and SPSS was used to analyze data using the statistical package program Social Sciences Foundation The researcher has reached a set of results, the most important of which is the impact of modern information systems on the achievement of organizational justice, and the researcher made many recommendations in the light of those results through the theoretical research we found The rational use of modern information systems leads to an effective role in the achievement of organizational justice, as well as work on training to keep pace with the internal and external modifications of the information systems used to accelerate data entry and reduce errors.</p> Muaamel Hussain Jassim ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Study the Optical and Spectral Properties of the Acridine Dye As an Effective Medium in Dye Lasers <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;In this study, the absorption and fluorescence spectra of the dissolved Acridine solution were studied in ethanol and different concentrations. The optical properties (absorption coefficient, linear refraction) and spectral characteristics (Fluorescence time and quantitative fluoridation efficiency) were calculated. It is observed that increasing the concentration increases the absorbance values and decreases the permeability values, thus increasing the values of the absorption coefficient and the refractive index. Also, the values of the fluorine intensity increase. The peak of the emission spectrum is transferred to the longer wavelengths.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Afrah M. AL Hussainey, Ruaa Kahtan Mahmoud, Talib M. Abbas ALShafie ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Some General Properties of the Inverse Shadowing Property <p style="text-align: justify;">The inverse shadowing property is concentrated, it has important properties and applications in maths. In this paper, some general properties of&nbsp;this concept are&nbsp;proved. &nbsp;Let &nbsp;( be &nbsp;&nbsp;a metric space: ( → ( &nbsp;be maps have the inverse shadowing property. We show the maps &nbsp; &nbsp;∘ , &nbsp; &nbsp;have the inverse shadowing property.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">If and :( , ????) →( ,????) are mapped on a metric space ( ,????) have the inverse shadowing property, We show the maps &nbsp; + &nbsp;&nbsp;and &nbsp; . &nbsp;have the inverse shadowing property.</p> Iftichar Mudhar Talb Al-Shara'a, Sarah Khadr Khazem Al Sultani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Association between Level of Interleukin 10 and Biochemical Tests in Some Iraqi Diabetic Patients <p style="text-align: justify;">Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be defined as clinical syndrome or disturbance of&nbsp; <a href="">carbohydrate</a>s metabolism &nbsp; characterized by hyperglycemia ,so diabetes is immunes dependent disease in which the changed patterns&nbsp; of expression of &nbsp;cytokine, anti-inflammatory factors as interleukin-10 play an essential role in&nbsp; many infections. As well as, IL-10 has important main inhibitory cytokine against the work of inflammatory cytokines, as interleukin 12. Therefore, this &nbsp;study was designed to evaluate the serum level of interleukin 10 and biochemical tests in Iraqi diabetic patients and controls [fasting blood sugar (FBS);urea; creatinine; triglyceride (T.G);&nbsp; total cholesterol; &nbsp;low density lipoprotein (LDL) ; high density lipoprotein (HDL); &nbsp;as well as very low density lipoprotein &nbsp;(VLDL). Interleukin 10 (IL10) serum level was measure by ELISA kit for both groups. This study was conducted from January-April 2018 in Specialist Center for Endocrinology and Diabetes in Baghdad government and correlates between IL10 concentration and biochemical tests in diabetic Iraqi patients. Results of current study showed a high incidence of&nbsp; both diabetes types ( I&amp;II) of in the age group 2 ( &nbsp;41-60) years old&nbsp; as (NO.= 13, 11) and percentage as (17.3, 14.7)&nbsp; %respectively, so, female(NO= 18 ,14) and percentage as (20.0, 18.7) %respectively had a higher prevalence of diabetes than male[12.0 ,12.0) and high incidence of&nbsp; diabetes in female[20.0, 18.7] % more than male. Additionally, this study showed that creatinine; urea; F.B.S levels were higher (26.7;4.0,28.0]% in diabetic type I than diabetic type II as (20,0,24.0]% and compare to control as [17.3, 14.7 and 0)%.and increased levels of lipid profile as ( Total Cholesterol; triglyceride T.G ;&nbsp; LDL ; HDL ; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;and &nbsp;VLDL ) in diabetic type I as (10 ; 16 ; 12 ;1 ; 20) % than in diabetic type II; as well as; IL-10 serum level was abnormal with creatinine levels in 35 patients as percentage 46.7%; &nbsp;also IL-10 serum level was abnormal with&nbsp; fasting blood sugar for&nbsp; 39 patients as percentage 52.0%; &nbsp;whilst only 3 patients as 4.0% with abnormal urea levels as well as IL-10 level was abnormal with levels lipid profile as&nbsp; ( Triglyceride T.G ; Total Cholesterol;&nbsp; LDL , HDL and&nbsp; VLDL)as ( 1.3; 25.3; 38.7 ; 26.7 and 22.7) % respectively. Based on these facts, it may be concluded that abnormal serum levels of IL-10 with biochemical tests can be considered as risk factors of diabetes.</p> Hussein Thumad Alkaisey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Testicular Sparing Surgery For A 5-Year- Old Boy with Sertoli's Cell Tumour of the Testis: Case Report <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Introduction: </strong>Steroli's cell tumors SCT are the rare testicular tumor. Very few cases were published in the literature. A new case of Sertoli's cell tumor that is reported and treated by testicular sparing surgery.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Case Presentation:</strong> A 5-year-old boy with Sertoli' cell tumor presents with gynaecomastia and precocious puberty. He was treated by successful testicular sparing surgery.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> SCTs are rare testicular tumors. Testicular sparing surgery can be applied.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Karim AL-Araji ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Geomorphological Landscapes of Tar Al-Sayed and Tar Al-Najaf Area-Central of Iraq <p style="text-align: justify;">Iraq has a variety of geomorphological landscapes, because of the varied and beautiful desert landforms and these forms may tell us the tectonic history on a long term and also the climate of this part of the Arabian plate. Tar Al-Sayed and Tar Al-Najaf area have geomorphological landscapes that are variable and reflect different exogenic processes and these features been observed in the field are: Barchans and sand sheet which are mobile features, and they are widespread, but the smallest Geomorphological Landscapes are wind ripples, other features are Mesas and escarpments as a result of the erosion of sequences of sedimentary rocks. Also, butte these are flattened top hills, Zeugen obvious feature in the study area found in soft strata been eroded by the wind. In the areas where the wind erosion predominates over water erosion in moulding some of these features. Yardangs are wind- roded, aerodynamic hills. Tafoni Caves are arch-shaped entrances sized several centimeters to several meters in diameter and depth. When weathering together with mass collapse found, then Natural Arches formed. They most commonly occur in sandstone and claystone. Slope Instability which it is extensively landslide phenomena. The Drainage Systems in the study area have dendritic pattern and it is the most predominant. Some of the features composed of fluvial sediments as in Alluvial Fans.</p> Ahmed Abbas Hasan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Determination of the Paleostress Orientations and Magnitudes for Missan Structures, Southeastern Iraq <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;The use of &nbsp;Right dihedral method and Mohr diagram method allow determination of the paleostress orientation and its magnitude in Missan structures, Southeastern Iraq. The principal stress orientations and its magnitudes have been determined by the measure of the striation on the faults planes. The measurement of orientation of the principal stress was deduced by different graphical methods, the horizontal maximum principal stresses (σ1) magnitudes were (3600, 4360,4650, 4750 and 5700) bars, the horizontal&nbsp; intermediate&nbsp; principal stresses (σ2) magnitudes &nbsp;&nbsp;were (1528, 1842,1962.5, 1998.5 and 2390.5) bars and the vertical minimum principal stresses (σ3) magnitudes were (544, 676,725, 753 and 919) bars. This study shows that area is located within the unstable region since the poles of measured faults lie in the area of reactivated faults in Mohr diagram.</p> Atheer Edan Khalil AL- Hachem, Mustafa Rasheed Salih Al – Obaidi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Optical Constants of Fe2O3 and TiO2:Fe2O3 Thin Films Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis Technique <p style="text-align: justify;">"In the present work, optical constants have been studied for pure and titanium dioxide (TiO<sub>2</sub>) doped iron oxide (Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) thin films with different titanium dioxide dopant concentrations (1, 3 and 5 %) prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis technique on glass substrates. The optical properties of the films, which were prepared with a thickness of (260±10) nm, have been determined by using Shimadzu spectrophotometer, the optical transmittance measurements in the spectral region from (500- 1100) nm. Direct energy gap for (Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) equal (2.01) eV, it increases with increasing of TiO<sub>2</sub>%. The optical constants such as refractive index, extinction coefficient and dielectric constants have been calculated for all prepared films. The results show that all optical constants decrease with the increasing of dopant ratios."</p> Asia Hussein Kadhim, Nahida B. Hasan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Solving Differential Equation by Modified Genetic Algorithms <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp; Differential equation is a mathematical equation which contains the derivatives of a variable, such as the equation which represent physical quantities, In this paper&nbsp; we introduced modified on the method which proposes a polynomial to solve the ordinary differential equation (ODEs) of second order and by using the evolutionary algorithm to find the coefficients of the propose a polynomial [1] . Our method propose a polynomial to solve the ordinary differential equations (ODEs) of nth&nbsp; order and partial differential equations(PDEs) of order two&nbsp; by using the Genetic algorithm to find the coefficients of the propose a polynomial ,since Evolution Strategies (ESs) use&nbsp; a string representation of the solution to some problem and attempt to evolve a good solution through a series of fitness –based evolutionary steps .unlike (GA)&nbsp; ,an ES will typically not use a population of solution but instead will make a sequence of mutations of an individual solution ,using fitness as a guide[2] . A numerical example with good result show the accuracy of our method compared with some existing methods .and the best error of method it’s not much larger than the error in best of the numerical method solutions.</p> Eman Ali Hussain, Yahya Mourad Abdul – Abbass ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Efficacy of Different Oocytes Harvesting Methods on Retrieval and Quality of Oocyte from Ovaries of Local Cows <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different oocytes harvesting&nbsp; methods&nbsp;on retrieval and quality of oocyte from ovarian of local cows.&nbsp; The ovaries (n = 600) were collected from 300 non-pregnant cows their ages ranged between (3-10 years old), slaughtered at the abattoir of Babylon province during the period between September 2017 to March 2018. The oocytes were collected by slicing method, puncture method and aspiration of follicle method and classified according to layers of cumulus cells and the homogenous of cytoplasm into three groups , first group : good quality oocytes with more than 3 layers of cumulus cells and homogeneous of cytoplasm, second group : fair quality oocytes with less than 3 layers of cumulus cells and homogeneous of cytoplasm , third group : poor quality oocytes , denuded oocyte from cumulus cells with heterogeneous cytoplasm . The results showed that the total number of oocytes recovered and the number of oocytes recovered&nbsp; per ovary was significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) by using slicing method (1639 and 8.195 ± 1.03 respectively) compared with the Puncture (923 and 4.610 ± 0.86 respectively ) and aspiration of follicle method (776 and 3.880 ± 0.34 respectively). The results of study also indicated that the total number of oocytes recovered , the average number of oocyte per ovary and the percentage of well recovered by slicing method (751,3.750 ± 0.95 and 45.90 % respectively) and puncture technique (399,1.99 ± 0.03 and 43.30 % respectively) were significantly higher ( P&lt;0.05) compared with aspiration of follicle (299 , 1.14 ± 0.01 and 29.60 % respectively). We conclude from this study that slicing method is the appropriate and good method for oocyte recovering with ideal morphological aspect and quality.</p> Hashm M. AL.Rubaei, Hyder M. Abd Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Preparation and Studying the Optical Properties of (Sb2o3) Thin Films <p style="text-align: justify;">In this paper I present the preparation of (Sb<sub>2</sub>o<sub>3</sub>) thin films using thermal evaporation in vacuum, procedure with different thickness &nbsp;(100 ,150 <sub>,</sub>200 ,and 250) nm, by using ( hot plate) from Molybdenum matter at temperature in ( 900<sup>0</sup>c) and the period of time (15mint) ,the prepared in a manner thermal evaporation in a vacuum and precipitated on glass bases, pure Antimony Trioxide (sb<sub>2</sub>o<sub>3</sub> ) thin films with various condition have been successfully deposited by (T.E.V) on glass slide substrates. The substrates temperature of about 100<sup>o</sup>C and the vacuum of about 10<sup>-6</sup> torr, to investigated oxidation of evaporated, measure spectra for prepared films in arrange of wavelength (250 – 1100 nm). The following optical properties have been calculated: the absorption coefficient, the forbidden (E<sub>g</sub>) for direct and indirect transitions "absorbance, refractive index, &nbsp;extinction coefficient, real and imaginary parts" of the dielectric constant.</p> Waleed Khalid Kadhim ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Role of ficus carica Leaves Extract in Treatment of Hypothyroidism <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study was conducted to demonstrate the role of&nbsp; alcoholic extract from <em>ficus carica</em> leaves in the treatment&nbsp; of&nbsp; hypothyroidism disease which induced by carbimazole drug. Forty&nbsp; male rats were divided into five&nbsp; groups,&nbsp; eight&nbsp; for each . group I selected as negative control &nbsp;and administered orally with normal saline alone, group II served as positive control and treated by carbimazole anti-thyroid&nbsp; drug for six weeks , &nbsp;group &nbsp;III &nbsp;was treated by plant extract (500 mg /kg, bw) for six weeks, the&nbsp; fourth group IV was treated by carbimazole drug (5 mg) for six week to induce hypothyroidism &nbsp;&nbsp;and then &nbsp;treated by plant extract (500 mg /kg , bw) , and the fifth V group was&nbsp; treated by thyroxin drug (100 mg) for six week instead of plant extract.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The results showed&nbsp; insignificant differences (P&lt;0.05) in body weight gain in the fourth&nbsp; group ( carbimazole and plant extract) when compared&nbsp; with the first&nbsp; group (normal saline alone), second group (carbimazole alone), third group (plant extract alone&nbsp; , while the results demonstrated&nbsp; that a significant&nbsp; increase (P&lt;0.05)&nbsp;&nbsp; in body weight gain when&nbsp; compared with fifth groups (carbimazole and thyroxine). While the results revealed insignificant differences (P&lt;0.05) in the concentrations of&nbsp; T3 and T4&nbsp; in the fourth (carbimazole &amp; plant extract), fifth&nbsp; groups&nbsp; (carbimazole &amp; thyroxin drug ) and the&nbsp; third group (plant extract alone) when compared&nbsp; with the first&nbsp; group ( normal saline alone ), but&nbsp; there was&nbsp; a significant increase (P&lt;0.05)&nbsp; when compared with the&nbsp; second group (carbimazole alone) , in addition&nbsp; the&nbsp; results indicated a significant decrease (P&lt;0.05) when compared&nbsp; with the third&nbsp; group, Furthermore, the results revealed insignificant difference (P&lt;0.05) in TSH concentration in the fourth (carbimazole &amp; plant extract), fifth groups (carbimazole &amp; thyroxin drug)&nbsp;&nbsp; and the&nbsp; third group (plant extract alone) when compared&nbsp; with the first&nbsp; group (normal saline alone) , also the data showed a significant decrease(P&lt;0.05) when compared with the&nbsp; second group (carbimazole alone). In conclusion, it is possible to use methanolic plant extract from <em>ficus carica</em> leaves in the regulation of hypothyroidism due to the presence of phytochemical components&nbsp;that can affect&nbsp;the mechanism of T3 and T4 production by the thyroid gland.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> Abbas Abed Sharhan, Kareem H. Rasheed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Investigation in Recommendations for Troubleshooting of Ineffectiveness of Queries to Database Tables <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;One of the ways to increase work output of the applications connected with a database is the optimization of queries to database tables<strong>.</strong> Importance of query optimization issue increases with the growth of records number to decades and hundreds of thousands of tables which the query is referring for. There are various recommendations on troubleshooting of queries performance deceleration. However, there are no results of experimental investigations on the effectiveness of applying other recommendations given in scientific literature. The authors have conducted numerical experiments for the investigation of recommendations, both existing and proposed by the authors, to determine the quantitative values of the effectiveness of applying recommendations. A number of recommendations are illustrated by means of examples of applying recommendations including several alternative variations. The work describes the differences in the effectiveness of applying recommendations in different systems of database management considered in this article. The work describes relative values of the effectiveness of applying recommendations compared with source queries. As a result of the article, the authors have developed the algorithm of query text analysis and applying recommendations. Investigation results expand knowledge on practical applying both known and new recommendations for optimization of queries to database tables. The article has a practical orientation and it is methodically useful for first-time programmers in a field of structured queries language.</p> Ali Mohammed Saleh Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Genetic Algorithm for Effective Optimization of Delay Performance in Wireless Sensor Networks <p style="text-align: justify;">Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) play an important role in many real-world applications like surveillance. Wireless networks are also used to have data transfer. In such cases, there are problems with&nbsp; resourcece-constraintnednetworks. The problems include a delay in communication and reduction in Quality of Service (QoS). Topology control can solve this problem to some extent. However, the delay performance and QoS need to be improved further to support intended operations in wireless networks. When relay node concept is considered, it is possible to optimize performance in such networks. In this paper, we proposed a Genetic Algorithm (GA) based relay configuration for optimizing delay performance in WSN. Relay nodes compute optimal positions using the proposed algorithm so as to improve QoS and reduce delay as much as possible. We implemented the algorithm using NS2 simulations. The results revealed that the proposed approach is able to improve QoS, reduce delay besides improving network performance in terms of throughput, network capacity, and energy efficiency.</p> Saif Khalid Musluh, Alaa Abid Muslam, Raid Abd Alreda Shekan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Manganese and Potassium Humate on some Vegetative and Yield Parameters of Tomato Plant Lycopersicon esculentum Mill Grown in Plastic House <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Afield experiment was conducted in a plastic house in Al-wattifiyah / Babylon Province during 2016/2017 season , soil texture was Loamy Sand with 3 levels of manganese element (0 , 20 , and&nbsp; 40 mg .L<sup>-1</sup>) using MnSO4.4H2O, and 4 levels of&nbsp; potassium humate&nbsp; (0 , 10 , 20 , and 30 ml.L<sup>-1</sup>) , and their interaction on some vegetative and yield&nbsp; parameters of tomato plant Shahira&nbsp; variety. 4 spraying date among 20 days each, The experiment design was according to RCBD with 3 replicates, means were compared using L.S.D at 0.05 probability level.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The result show</strong>, the treatment (40 mg&nbsp; Mn.L<sup>-1</sup>) gave significant increases in plant height, total leaf&nbsp; No. , leaf area , plant dry matter , leaf content from chlorophyll, leaf dry matter percent, inflorescence number per plant , and No. of flowers per&nbsp; inflorescence, No. of fruit per plant, fruit weight, total yield of plant , and total yield per m<sup>2 </sup>&nbsp;gave high value was 212.65 cm, 42.7 leaf , 172.6 ds<sup>2</sup> , 185.9 gm , 45.03 spad , 11.8 inflorescence , 10.2 flowers , 47.6 fruits , 101.8 g m , 4.880 kg, and 16.252 kg.m<sup>2</sup> respectively . While potassium humate&nbsp; spraying&nbsp; treatment (30 ml.L<sup>-1</sup>) gave high value to same parameters above with 226.4 cm , 44.4 leaf , 180.2 ds<sup>2</sup> , 196.4 gm , 46.53 spad , 11.8 inflorescence, 10.3 flowers, 51 fruits , 105.5 gm , 5.394 kg , and 17.862 kg.m<sup>2</sup>respectively . The interaction treatment (40 mgm Mn.L<sup>-1 </sup>&nbsp;+ 30 ml.L<sup>-1</sup> potassium humate) gave the highest value of all parameters mentioned &nbsp;above.</p> Hassan Hadi Hamza Al-Karwi, Hameed Kadhum Abd Al- Ameer ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Independency of Bank Guarantee in Iran –US Claims Tribunal: Looking for Legal Approach for Minimizing the Risk of Economic Contracts <p style="text-align: justify;">Bank guarantees are significant instrument in business contracts, especially in minimizing the risk of economic contracts in light of international contracts. Furthermore, the bank guarantee has positive impact on legal reliability International contracts among the parties. In line with that the independency of bank guarantee from contract terms is other advantage that has been led to consider the bank guarantee as an innovative financial instrument to increase the chance of minimizing the risks. The fact is that bank guarantee associated with paying amount of guarantee in cash and gets rid of the legal dispute over the formalities and delays in getting the right when one party of the contract did not fulfill its obligations. This potential capability of bank guarantee is still suffering lack of certainty on independency of bank guarantee in banking regulations. In this regard, the judgment of international arbitration and their procedures are valuable in understanding and analyzing the banking regulation about bank guarantees. The judgments of international arbitration mostly consider as one appropriate source to manifest a proper approach for legal analysis of independency. Thus, this research would review Iran –US Claims Tribunal as one of the significant cases to find out whether the tribunal has been able to eliminate the legal ambiguities and promote the legal position of these tools through such judgments?</p> Mohammad Sadeghi, Ali Ahamdi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Routing Strategy for Internet of Vehicles based on Hierarchical SDN and Fog Computing <p style="text-align: justify;">The fog computing is invited to solve the lack of resources problem in the sensors of Internet of Things (IoT) and handle the tasks quickly. Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a special application of IoT networks that composed of heterogeneous sensors that are found in vehicles. These sensors transfer the tasks to the fog servers that process them and give the responses to the sensors. However, the mobility of vehicles effects on the delivery operation of responses. When the source vehicle of a task exited from the domain of some fog server through the processing time of this task, the response will not be reached to that vehicle correctly. Therefore, it is need to compute the optimal path to that vehicle. This process causes exceeding the task deadline and decreasing the throughput. To overcome this issue, this paper produces a hierarchical architecture based on Software Defined Network (SDN) and fog computing for IoV networks. This architecture consists of IoV vehicles, fog computing framework, semi-central SDN controllers and central SDN controller layers. Moreover, a routing strategy is proposed called <u>D</u>elay-Efficient <u>R</u>outing strategy based on <u>S</u>DN and <u>F</u>og computing for <u>I</u>oV (DRSFI). The SDN controllers perform DRSFI to compute the routes with minimum delay with taking into consideration the available bandwidth constraint and the location and speed of the vehicle. From the results of simulation of different scenarios with various mobility speeds and various number of tasks, we concluded that the proposed system is better than IoV-Fog-central SDN system and IoV-Fog system in terms of average delay from end to end, percentage of packet loss and percentage of successfully transmission.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Ahmed Jawad Kadhim, Seyed Amin Hosseini Seno, Rana Ali Shihab ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Multiple-Deposition of Cadmium Oxide Nnanocrystalline Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Bath Deposition Technique <p style="text-align: justify;">In this work CdO nanocrystalline thin films have been prepared by chemical bath deposition technique(CBD) , on commercial glass substrates at room temperature. cadmium nitrat as a source of cadmium ions(Cd<sup>+2</sup>) and Ammonium hydroxide as a source of hydroxide ions (OH<sup>-2</sup>). The effect multiple dip process on the structural and optical properties of CdO films and the use x-ray diffraction(XRD),optical reflection microscope( ORM),and UV-visible spectroscopy respectively(UV) were studied. The results of X-ray diffraction showed&nbsp; that&nbsp; conversion of cadmium hydroxide film to cadmium oxide film, the&nbsp; results&nbsp; show&nbsp; of&nbsp; film&nbsp; and&nbsp; increases grain size by increases&nbsp; the multiple dip process. The optical reflection microscope showed that the films prepared has surface Morphological properties of the thin films and is improved with increased the multiple dip process. The results of optical properties showed that transmittance of film was 74% and decreased with increasing the multiple dip process, and found that the energy gap ranged from 2.24-2.63 eV. and found improved properties films with the multiple dip, This makes them suitable in solar cell applications and the detectors.</p> Khalid Hamdi Rzeaj, Hani Hadi Ahmed, Jumaa Ayob Homady ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Preparation and Characteristic Study of Pure and Na2O Doped NiO-ZnO Catalyst <p style="text-align: justify;">The NiO-ZnO catalyst was prepared by coprecipitation method in equivalent quantity (50:50),and study of their crystallanty and physical properties at different temperature by using XRD techniques and wet impregnating method.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Na<sub>2</sub>O doped catalyst was prepared by wet impregnating method with different ratios of Na<sub>2</sub>O , The best crystallanty and physical properties of NiO - ZnO catalyst were obtained at 600°C for 4 hrs.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that the porosity and pore volume of NiO – ZnO catalyst increased and decreased of its density with the increasing of Na<sub>2</sub>O ratios in catalyst.</p> Najlaa Nasser Hussein, Salih Hadi Kadhim ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000