Paradigm Shifts in the Characteristics of the Interior Architectural Space through Technology Perspective

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Halla Mohammed Hasan Hadi
Saba Sami Mehdi


The architectural space has undergone several Transformations in its formal characteristics in line with several factors such as environmental, social and political changes and demands. The spatial change appears by influence of different cultures and societal characteristics, and chronologically through the succession of ages and the consequent change in the factors mentioned above. The characteristic of internal space was an integral part of the characteristics of the styles and architectural trends that prevailed in each era. There is no doubt that the prevailing technology in every age had its role in shaping the architectural forms and crystallization of the paradigm that expresses the characteristics of the age and its concept. As the current era is witnessing a shift towards digitization technology, the research problem has emerged from the "The lack of knowledge in clarifying the indicators of the transformation of technology systems which affect the characteristics of the interior architectural space through the ages, up to the age of digitization technology".  Thus the aim of the research is to explore the general features the paradigm shifts in the interior architectural spaces through a technological system's perspective, assuming  that " the interior architectural space has paradigm defined by common characteristics associated with the prevailing technological system of its age, These characteristics undergo a change along with changing technological system (or technological entity)." To reach its aim, the research adopted an exploratory approach to the architectural interior spaces through the historical epochs and by illustrating examples representing each epoch. This was preceded by an introduction of the concepts of the interior architectural space and the paradigm in architecture, then identification of the indicators of the architecture technological system, which were to be observed in the characteristics of interior space at all historical epochs leading to the crystallization of the paradigmatic features. One of the most important findings of the research is that the interior architectural space has undergone three major paradigmatic shifts in its characteristics over the ages. They are; first, the pre-modern spaces paradigm, which had clearly marked boundaries, heavy mass weight, limited association with the outside, and the principles of symmetry and axiality. Second, the paradigmatic characteristics of Modernism spaces and beyond, which also had clear boundaries but with the possibility of camouflage and manipulation and reduction in the mass of the space elements as well as an increase of openness to the outside along with the Cancellation of the principles of classical symmetry and axiality. Finally, the interior space paradigm of the age of digitization, which is characterized by the possibilities of concealment of borders, in addition to lightness, transparency, smoothness and the fusion of elements with abolition of mass weight.


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How to Cite
H. M. H. Hadi and S. S. Mehdi, “Paradigm Shifts in the Characteristics of the Interior Architectural Space through Technology Perspective”, JUBES, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 286 - 298, Nov. 2018.