Information about Diabetes Mellitus: Review
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Type 1, Type 2, Gestational, Signs and symptoms, Complications, Insulin
Diabetes mellitus (DM), is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level in the blood. Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, Symptoms of marked hyperglycemia include polyuria, polydipsia, and sometimes with polyphagia. Acute life-threatening consequences of uncontrolled diabetes are hyperglycemia with ketoacidosis. Long-term complications of diabetes include retinopathy with loss of vision; nephropathy leading to renal failure; peripheral neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers and ,Charcot joints; and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Patients with diabetes have an increased incidence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular, peripheral arterial, cerebrovascular disease and Hypertension in people with diabetes.
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